ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Bogey of Over-Population

Plan for the state. And yet, while the misery continues unabated, conventional politicking goes on. But even this conventional politicking seems to be of a curiously listless kind. The dissident Congressmen met, in the teeth of official opposition, at Sibsagar, and the proceedings turned out to be a damp squib. It is yet uncertain if the dissidents can ever pose a threat to the Sinha ministry, A by-election too is on, and Biswa Goswami, the Socialist leader is contesting the seat held by Fakrud- din Ali Ahmed, as a 'peoples' candidate', against a relatively unknown Congress candidate. The President did not visit Barpeta during his recent visit to the state, but his influence is certainly going to be felt during the elections, it is unlikely that the anti-Congress trend seen in recent by-elections is going to be felt at Barpeta. Jabalpur is oven farther away than Delhi, and we, anyway, have been known to be a very loyal people. What with the Country and the Party being headed by Favourite Sons, can we afford to be anything but loyal?

BANGKOK-Old Forces in New Garb

October 19, 1974 goals of India's foreign policy. in those flays realism meant pursuing national goals relentlessly against the onslaught of imperialism. Now the new term 'pragmatism' means compromising national goals to please the superpowers. Non-alignment today means bi- alignment. The world has not changed. We have. Menon was a misfit in the present-day politics of our country. It is indeed ironical that Menon should have died right when we are getting ready to receive Kissinger and to tell him (as though he does not know) that we have no quarrels with the United States. Exit Menon, enter Kissinger. Nothing could have ushered us better into the world of, to use Indira Gandhi's words, extinct volcanoes.

NAGALAND-Bureaucratic Terrorism

NAGALAND Bureaucratic Terrorism Harish Chandola A CHANGE of considerable significance went unnoticed last month. For almost 20 years, every year, the Naga underground used to open fire near towns on August 15 in protest against the Indian Inderpendence day celebrations. But this year the underground departed from their practice and did not open lire.

SOUTH KOREA-Swaran Singh s Inopportune Visit

of Nepal in the late 1950s the supply of arms and ammunition was drastically increased. This stepping up of military supplies led to the government of Nepal being approached in 1960 by the Chinese, Surya Bhadur Upadhyay, at that time Home Minister in B P Koirala's government, then made a statement that his government was aware of activities of some foreign agencies who were working towards harming Sino-Nepalese friendship and were dropping arms and ammunition near the Sino-Nepal border from unidentified planes. Soon after, the supply of arms to the Tibetan rebels through Nepal ceased. But the Khampas in Nepal continued to retain these foreign-supplied arms.

SOUTH VIETNAM-Liberated Areas Consolidated

correct the position. All that the Bank of Japan has to do is to reduce its tendings to the banks, thereby forcing the banks to reduce credit to business and industry. In fact, the Bank of Japan exercises detailed controls, known as window controls, regulating banks' credit not only to particular industries but to individual firms. The companies then have to cut down on investment in plant and equipment and reduce their stocks

DACCA- Faith, Hope and Poverty

The Report, however, argues that because profit margins were falling or were non-existent in the period preceding pooling, rate increases would have been more frequent and higher had pooling not been introduced. Thus pooling appears to be a device to ensure a stable level of profits, with economy of scale, if it can be achieved, emerging as a byproduct. Pooling of trades has caused a measure of disappointment among traders as, in spite of promises, the standard of Conference services leaves much to be desired. Another aspect of pooling which it will be worthwhile to examine is to what extent it has effected the capacity of the Indian lines to cater to cross trades since these lines have to bear the major burden of carrying the Indian trade. Has their share of about 48 per cent in Indian trades been ensured at the cost of development of their capacity for .serving other traders and therefore development of their shipping tonnage?

ISLAMIC CONFERENCE-Participants in Common Struggle

THE fifth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers, attended by 36 states of Africa and Asia, which concluded its hive-day session in Kuala Lumpur on June 25, made it absolutely clear that the Islamic world was an inalienable part of the third world of developing countries. The main theme of the conference was that it must strengthen its solidarity with other organisations of third world countries and unite all those struggling against domination and exploitation. The representatives of the Islamic world made it clear in their communique that the struggle against colonialism and imperialism was not over and that the "machinations of imperialism to sow seeds of disunity amongst the ranks of the developing countries" had to be fought.

KUALA LUMPUR-China Confuses Communists

enforcing this law and the landowners often pay loss than the three-rupee wage which was fixed in the 1960s. Another method of harassing the Halpatis of Surat is to bring in labourers from Khandesh. The crop pattern has also been changed to items like bananas and sugarcane so that less labour is required. Tims, along with his status of a free wage labourer, the Halpati has also acquired the freedom to beunemployed and the freedom to starve.


From the list of activities of the 'Department, it is clear that it wants to piay a major rale in 'applications'. However, this is undesirable for many reasons. The executive responsibility for the applications must rest with the user agencies, who ought to have the options to choose the appropriate technologies for their missions. Space technology is just one of the alternatives, and development of unitechnology-oriented applications is a dangerous precedent. For example, the Ministry of Communications must be responsible for developing coirammications and they should be free to decide on the use of space technology. Similarly, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, the India Meteorological Depot, the Geological Survey of India, etc, must be responsible for their own programmes. If DOS wants to do some work in these applications, it should get funded by the potential users, rather than by the exchequer directly. Its own programmes should continue to be in space-research technology, rather than in applications.

Neo-Colonialism at Asian Development Bank Meeting

 Neo-Colonialism at Asian Development Bank Meeting Harish Chandola TOWARDS the end of last month, as the Special Session of the United Nations was about to adopt a Declaration placed before it by 77 developing countries on "The Establishment of a New International Economic Order", the outgoing US Treasury Secretary, George Shultz, was outlining his country's plan for continued political and economic domination of the weaker nations, also in the name of establishing a new world economic order. Shultz was doing so at the seventh annua! general meeting of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) at Kuala Lumpur, as the head of his country's 60-mem- ber delegation, the largest at the meeting, which included members from both Houses of the US Congress.

Continued US Perfidy in Indochina

its posters and before its election meeting could start, arrested its supporters and bundled them into police vans. The crime in the eyes of the ruling party was that it stood for "Black Majority Rule Now".

SAIGON-A Year after the Paris Agreement

 Nadu has far outstripped the increase in generating capacity. At the beginning of the first Plan the demand was only 110 MW, but currently it is estimated to be in the region of 1,500 MW and by 1980-81 it is expected to touch 3,820 MW. To meet demand of this order an effective capacity of 4,590 MW would be required by 1980-81. But available capacity, both from existing power houses and those under construction, is expected to be only 2,040 MW. There is thus a huge deficit of 2,550 MW which will have to be bridged by the installation of additional capacity and large-scale purchases from neighbouring states. The scope for the latter is not bright since none of these states is likely to have a surplus, given the rise in their own demand for power.


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