ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by H S ShergillSubscribe to H S Shergill

Rural–Urban Disparity in the Standard of Living across States of India

The rural–urban disparity in the standard of living in India is estimated on the basis of per capita consumption or use of non-durable goods, durable consumer goods, and house and living facilities enjoyed by the population of the rural and urban sectors in major states of India in 2011–12. This estimate shows that the rural–urban disparity in the standard of living is the highest in Jharkhand and Odisha and the lowest in Punjab and Kerala. The interstate variation in rural–urban disparity is negatively correlated with per capita state domestic product, degree of urbanisation, level of agricultural development, and per capita amount of remittances received by rural households. It is positively correlated with the percentage of state population below the poverty line.


Sustainability of Wheat-Rice Production in Punjab: A Re-examination

India's food security depends vitally on wheat and rice production in Punjab, which contributes more than 50 per cent of the central pool of cereal stocks. The sustainability of wheat and rice production at the present scale in Punjab has been questioned by some experts, both on economic and ecological grounds. The evaluation of empirical evidence on economic and ecological aspects of wheat-rice cultivation in Punjab, however, shows that it is quite sustainable: the economics of rotation is sound, a growing domestic market is assured for the next few decades and the minimum support prices programme will continue in the foreseeable future. The returns are the highest among the competing crop rotation combinations and there is no imminent ecological threat. The fall in the water table has neither crossed the danger mark nor has the fall been caused by wheat-rice cultivation per se.

Poverty in Rural Punjab-Trend over Green Revolution Decades

Trend over Green Revolution Decades H S Shergill Gurmail Singh The widely shared view that there has been no significant decline in poverty in Punjab despite the impressive agricultural growth of the last three decades does not square with the observed ground reality in the state's villages. Analysis of trends in rural poverty in Punjab shows that there is a decline not only in the proportion of the poor, but also in their absolute numbers.

Agrarian Structure as a Factor in Rural Poverty-Some Cross-Section Evidence

Some Cross-Section Evidence H S Shergill This paper investigates the role of agrarian structure in rural poverty. A highly skewed land distribution, proletarianisation of sizeable sections of the rural population, widespread share-tenancy and interlocked factor markets are some of the more regressive features of the existing agrarian production relations that are supposed to not only inhibit the transition to a more progressive agriculture but also block even the 'trickle-down' of benefits to the rural poor of whatever little increase in farm production occurs in such a socio-economic milieu. How valid is this supposition?

Land Sales and Land Prices in Punjab 1952-53 to 1978-79

H S Shergill The importance of land sales and land prices in the evolution of land ownership structure notwithstanding, these have not been given adequate attention by scholars in developing countries. Non-availability of reliable secondary data on land sales and land prices seems to be mainly responsible for this gap in the literature. The present study has two main objectives in view (i) to discern the trends in land sales and land prices in post- independence Punjab; and (ii) to analyse the impact of Green Revolution on land sales and land prices.

Physiognomy and Anatomy of Growing, Decaying and Static Farms in Punjab

Decaying and Static Farms in Punjab H S Shergill What determines the fate of a peasant farm in market competition for land and the struggle for economic survival?

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