ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Economic Liberalisation and Indian Agriculture: A Statewise Analysis

This study of the performance of agriculture at the state level in India during the post-reform period (1990-93 to 2003-06) and the immediate pre-reform period (1980-83 to 1990-93) shows that the post-reform period has been characterised by deceleration in the growth rate of crop yields as well as total agricultural output in most states. By ending discrimination against tradable agriculture, economic reforms were expected to improve the terms of trade in favour of agriculture and promote its growth. The paper also discusses the cropping pattern changes that have taken place in area allocation as well as in terms of value of output. The slowdown in the process of cropping pattern change means that most government efforts to diversify agriculture have failed to take off.

Recent Developments in Indian Agriculture-A State Level Analysis

A State Level Analysis G S Bhalla Gurmail Singh This paper presents the results of an analysis of state level data on area and output of 43 crops for the 30 years from 1962-65 to 1992-95. It reveals that there was a marked acceleration in the growth rate of agricultural output in India during 1980-83 to 1992-95 as compared with the earlier periods. Furthermore,.agricultural growth had become regionally much more diversified. The period 1980-83 to 1992-95 was also characterised by important cropping pattern changes away from coarse cereals towards rice and wheat cultivation on the one hand and towards oilseeds on the other. Finally, the 1980s also witnessed a widespread acceleration in per male agricultural worker productivity in many Indian states. If sustained, high labour productivity growth is likely not only to result in higher wages but also to trigger growth in the non-agricultural sector through input output and consumption linkages.

Poverty in Rural Punjab-Trend over Green Revolution Decades

Trend over Green Revolution Decades H S Shergill Gurmail Singh The widely shared view that there has been no significant decline in poverty in Punjab despite the impressive agricultural growth of the last three decades does not square with the observed ground reality in the state's villages. Analysis of trends in rural poverty in Punjab shows that there is a decline not only in the proportion of the poor, but also in their absolute numbers.
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