ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan and Agriculture

In this short note, we critically examine two proposals specific to agriculture announced as part of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan and the subsequent ordinances. We argue that while the investment in infrastructure is a welcome step, market reforms proposed are inadequate to improve the prospects of smallholder farmers. An enabling ecosystem that enhances the market power of farmers must be created for smallholders to take advantage of the reform measures.

Bt Cotton Controversy

Studies conducted to help resolve the debate surrounding the economic benefits of Bt cotton to farmers in India report both positive and negative results. Since its introduction, the acreage under approved Bt cotton in India has increased substantially from 90,000 acres in 2002 to 1.3 million acres in 2004. This study, with the help of a primary survey, explores the paradoxes reported in earlier studies on Indian experience and finds that the technology generates overall economic benefits on average, but heterogeneity among farmers needs to be accounted for. The study also finds that germplasm effects can play an important role.

Indian Agricultural Commodity Futures Markets

A large number of agricultural commodities and their byproducts are being traded in several exchanges. Six of these commodities have been traded long enough to enable an assessment of their performance. This paper examines the performance of these six commodity futures. The results indicate that most of these markets are yet to develop fully as efficient mechanisms of risk management and price discovery.

Joint Forest Management-Factors Influencing Household Participation

Factors Influencing Household Participation Gopal Naik Forest departments in various states have made efforts to manage forests jointly with the local community in selected areas in order to prevent current rate of degradation of forests and ensure their regeneration.
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