ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Gopal K KadekodiSubscribe to Gopal K Kadekodi

Does Development Motivate More to Vote?

Despite the usual arguments made in India about vote banks based on caste, religion, class, money, and other benefits, have times changed? Do citizens of India now vote for promises of development? With all signs indicating socio-economic progress over the years, has development as an objective under deliberative democracy entered the psyche of India's voters? And have two major election reforms--reducing the voting age to 18 and introducing a "None of the above" option on ballot papers--changed voting patterns in India? The answers to all these seem to be negative.

Is a 'Green Economy' Possible?

The outcome of the 2012 Rio+20 summit was a sleek 53-page declaration, The Future We Want, reaffirming all that is to be done in the years to come. The same was said at the 1992 Earth Summit as well. The only thing added in 2012 was the concept of the "Green Economy" to reduce the impact of the Brown Economy model of growth the world over. he Green Economy model is portrayed as an opportunity to enhance ecosystem services, and enable growth and sustainable livelihoods for the poor. But this well-intended vision is without a design to enable green investments to reduce carbon intensities and a framework for creating global Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) market opportunities without jeopardising the basic right to livelihood. The 2012 report reveals a total disjoint between a vision and the operational feasibility of a Green Economy.

Debating Environmental Governance

Environmental Governance: Approaches, Imperatives and Methods edited by Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, Kanchan Chopra and Nilanjan Ghosh (New Delhi: Bloomsbury Publishing India), 2012; pp x + 386, Rs 1,200.

Missing the Woods for the Ore: Goa's Development Myopia

A recent report by the National Council of Applied Economic Research comparing benefits and costs of mining and forest services finds that mining benefits outweigh the costs they impose. A scrutiny of the methodology of the report suggests an overvaluation of social benefits and undervaluation of social costs. The report also deviates from received practices in environmental valuation of forest benefits. Its conclusions therefore are inaccurate and state policy must be cautious while allowing activities that may cause irreversible damages to Goa's natural wealth.

The Health of Mining and Wealth of Miners

All discussion of illegal mining, specially of iron ore, has to keep in mind two things. First, the nature of legality cannot be defined in narrow terms of mining laws, but needs to cover the environmental and social goods that lie in its ambit. Second, the massive growth in mining is directly related to the nature of economic liberalisation and loosening of government controls. Present mechanisms of administrative and judicial oversight have proved insufficient to stop this loot.

Watershed Development-A Contrast with NREP/JRY

Gopal K Kadekodi Wasteland and watershed development programmes, while creating some employment and assets for local population are designed basically to take advantage of the natural capacity for regeneration inherent in a biomass system. The paper makes an assessment of the implications of IRDP/NREP versus the land and water-related programmes for employment generation and natural capital regeneration, asset creation and environmental conservation.

Peoples Participation and Common Property Resources

Property Resources Kanchan Chopra Gopal K Kadekodi M N Murty Though relevant in a wide spectrum of situations, participatory management is becomig increasingly pertinent in the management of common property resources. While historically ownership and management of these resources rested with the state, governments' failure to preserve common property resources together with their excessive exploitation for development has led to serious degradation of the environment with the attendant ecological repercussions. Under peoples' participation as an alternative, the beneficiary/client groups are made responsive to the cost of preservation. Such a system makes development with preservation possible and renders the assumed trade-off between development and preservation non-operational WHAT Is PEOPLES' PARTICIPATION?
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