ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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World Archaeology Congress-Unravelling Deceit

Unravelling Deceit GN THERE arc many who still retain the illusion that there is a difference between the lumpens who demolished the Babri masjid and those who provide the intellectual input for bigotry and xenophobia. The gongs-on at the World Archaeological Congress -3 came as an eye- opener. The Indian organisers of WAC-3 fought first to ensure that there was no discussion of the Ayodhya issue at the congress, and when exposed used every trick to thwart a general resolution being passed condemning the demolition of Babri masjid and manipulation of evidence by archaeologists. In the process, the machinations of pseudo patriots besmirched the country's honour and earned a bad name for India's archaeologists and historians.

Fall-Out of Gulf War-Changed US-Europe Relations and Third World

The big methodological fallacy in dealing with the 'national question' had not yet been overcome by all three communist parties. Conceding the right of every nationality to secede, the writings of Namboodiripad and Sundarayya on the 'national question' (as well as the Note of the Madurai Congress on the 'National Question') still continued to remain a part of the CPI's thinking even in the 60s (e g, Adhikari's pamphlet on Sikh Homeland). The main interest of the concluding plenary session lay in the identification of other areas that contributors felt should be covered in the volumes to come out of the project. These included, among others, the emergence to the BJP as a powerful force attempting to mobilise 'Hindutva' politically through the Ayodhya issue; the strategy of the Janata Dal to mobilise political support on the basis of its stand on the issue of reservations; (Mandal Commission recommendations); and the systematic violation of human rights by the state and other groups as well as the resistance to it.

KASHMIR- Defending National-Cultural Identity

that context that the threat to India's security had increased under a weak National Front government. Nettled by Congress(I), V P Singh would appear to have been guided by reflex action. He declared the other day that there would be no cut in defence expenditure. This ended the slim hope in the finance ministry of finding a way to reduce the burgeoning budgetary deficit and of the planners in Yojana Bhavan of finding more resources to revive the emasculated socio-economic development process. The security drum-beaters on both sides of the political-electoral fence, while obscuring the fact that a token cut in defence allocation in the current year's budget was actually proposed by the Rajiv government, have thus cleverly managed to fend off a substantive cut in defence expenditure under the NF government which pretends to be committed to the promotion of a peaceful and friendly foreign policy, especially towards the neighbouring countries. However, it would not be amiss to mention that critical questions have begun to be asked about the steep rise in the levels of defence expenditure in particular since 1987-88 and the doubts which have been Widely entertained in that context about India's position and role as a regional power and its relations with neighbouring countries. The wastage in defence expenditure and sub- optimal use of scarce resources for defence preparedness have also come under sharp focus in particular in the wake of purchases .of costly weapon systems from foreign sources. The suspicion of kickbacks and corruption in high places in defence deals has very greatly exercised public opinion.
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