ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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MAHARASHTRA- Leaderless March

well-tested dual prices system which had worked very well in the past But the essential pre-requisite for the dual pricing system to work is the running of an effective and efficient public distribution system for at least more than half of the sugar stock Which is lifted by the government as levy sugar, leaving the rest for open market sale. But the caretaker government rejected the proposal on the ground, above all, that it was not prepared to run public distribution in sugar and fix the price of levy sugar based on a realistic balance being drawn for the claims of industry, the consumer as well as the cane-grower. It preferred to increase the ex-factory price of all sugar to ensure what it called remunerative price for the cane- grower. The Charan Singh government had already arbitrarily raised the minimum support price for sugar one by as much as 25 per cent compared to last year and in one of his election speeches he promised a further hike of 25 per cent next year.

Peasant Struggles under the British

THE title of this book is partly a misnomer since it deals only with peasant struggles of the colonial period, thus avoiding some of the major practical and theoretical issues raised by such recent struggles as Naxalbari and the current upsurge of caste-enveloped agrarian class conflict. But within these limits it is a useful contribution. A R Desai has brought together selections from some of the most important works of left activists- theoreticians (Natarajan, Sundarayya, ikhbir Choudhury, Sunii Sen), some academic articles, selections from the British and from some of the early Kisan Sabha leaders themselves.

POLITICS- Failure of Congress Unity

POLITICS Failure of Congress Unity Gail Omvedt IRONICALLY, but in a way fittingly, the major blow to the? hopes raised in Bangalore for the rebuilding of Con- gross unity

A Murdered Model

econometric model. As in the case of any pioneering effort, it is not free of defects. Possibly the most useful outcome of this work will be to motivate THE threat of famine hangs over Kampuchea today. And it is a terrible irony that this time it comes not with an imperialist invasion but on the heels of a "socialist" one, and not simply because the armies have disrupted agricultural production but as the result of a deliberate developmental policy emphasising high-technology "modernisation'' (Kampuchea is lated to join the Mekong Develop- ment Project once Vietnam can convince the other members to let it in) and integration with the world market economy with all its implications, including allowing all the middle class bureaucrats and "experts" to return to Pnomh Penh. Even more pathetic is the recent statement of the Vice- Minister for Foreign Affairs illustrating the accepted new dependence: "We cannot rebuild our country with our own hands. We need the help of socialist nations and peace-loving peoples all over the world... We need the assistance of all the peoples and organisations of the world" (Times of India, May 26). It is as if Kampuchea were Bangladesh in 1973-74

New Agrarian Crisis

New Agrarian Crisis AN analysis of agriculture is crucial to an understanding of the present workings of imperialism as well as the political and economic crises of third world countries. In spite of land reforms and two decades of developmental efforts, not only do hunger and malnourishment continue, but the inability to sufficiently raise production and the income level of the rural masses constitutes the major barrier to industrial advance. But why this failure Continues and what the dynamics of me process are is becoming more and more difficult to answer, for the traditional explanations no longer hold.

PERSPECTIVES

Nalini Pandit Classes in Marxist theory are not mere economic categories. They are living social groups whose attitudes and responses are determined by historical and cultural factors. The materialistic interpretation of history does not imply an exclusive emphasis on the economic factor to the comparative neglect of others. The purpose of formulating a social theory is to understand the attitudes and responses of different social groups to particular programmes.

Malcolm Caldwell and Kampuchea

got a $ 500 million contract for the construction of a pipeline. Siam Cement got a $ 50 million loan arranged by the Chemical Bank and Guaranty Trust of the USA.

Worsening Position of Adivasis

Worsening Position of Adivasis Gail Omvedt ther it is the force of land-grabbing moneylenders and landlords who keep the poor peasants in a state of oppression and intimidation, or the force involved in the continuing tradition of resistance and rebellion

The Bourgeois State in Post-Colonial Social Formations

The Bourgeois State in Post-Colonial Social Formations Bharat Patankar Gail Omvedt Two important changes have occurred since the end of the second world war which serve to characterise a different phase of imperialism. These are, first, a change in the character of the State in most third world countries from a colonial state to a politically independent bourgeois State and, second, a change in the mechanisms through which the imperialist system dominates the third world.

MAHARASHTRA-Marathi Sahitya Sammelan

December 3, 1977 MAHARASHTRA Marathi Sahitya Sammelan Gail Omvedt THE seeds of confrontation were there from the beginning: a literary conference at a site named by its organisers 'Mahatma Phule Nagar' after the radical aniti-Brahman social reformer; blazoning its display to the surrounding road with all the garishness,, coloured lights and silk characteristic of an upper class Hindu wedding; and presided over by a conservative Brahman writer arguing that literature must uphold the very values that Phule attacked. In fact, the Marathi Sahitya Sammelan ended in an uproar on November 20, when the usual process of poetry reading, play viewing and congratulatory speech-making was disrupted by masses of angry youth surging onto the stages, demanding apologies for the "insult to Dalit literature'' and for the upholding of caste values. How did all this happen It was not simply 'goondaism', nor was it merely a personal attack on the president P B Bhave, Rather it was an indication of the degree to which cultural issues

Africa Waves of Liberation, Undertows of Turmoil

Africa: Waves of Liberation, Undertows of Turmoil Gail Omvedt REVOLUTIONARY turmoil in the world is now centring on the continent of Africa. From the peasant soldiers of the ex-Portuguese colonies to the rising black youth of Soweto, a new wave of liberation movements has thrilled the world. But it has also revealed complex internal turmoils in the context of superpower hostilities ami uncertain support from independent African states.

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