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Notes towards a China Policy

how have a friendly Bangla Desh and in the West a weak Pakistan, the strength of the Indian Army is unlikely to he reduced. As already Indicated, a weak Pakistan, because of its internal instability, is likely to be seen as a continuing threat to India. Any attempt by Pakistan to get aligned with Iran and Afghanistan on the basis of Islam will also create disquiet in India. Moreover, suspicion of China has been aroused again in India. Under these circumstances no political leadership will risk a reduction in troop strengths.

Bhutto Goes to Peking

League or about Sheikh Mujibisi known anti-communist views.
G P Deshpande PRESIDENT Wilson once said that "a nation could not put its strength into a war and keep its head level". President Wilson's own successors have already demonstrated the truth of this statement in Vietnam. Bhutto, in his turn, is trying to imitate his patrons. He has talked of the waters of the Ganga and the Indus flowing red in the event of an Indo-Pak war. It will he a house-to-house war, he roared, little realising that he was giving away a part of his own game. There are his counterparts in this country too. One need not, therefore, take the rhetoric too seriously. It is an old trick, a little worn out. It seems to have become an accepted practice on the .subcontinent that when foreign tours fail in their objectives, the pill should be sweetened with bold and brave talk of war. The sophistry can deceive people in Islamabad but it usually does not deceive the more hard-headed people in Peking.

The Refugees Have Their Uses

of yet another circular by the Finance Ministry outlining the same time-worn measures which have been in operation since 1963

The Indo-Soviet Treaty

Minister and also former President-designate, Gerhard Schrocder, supports Kohl for the party post and himsell for the post or Chancellor-designate; picscnt Parliamentary Party leader, Ratwr Barzel, would like to elect himself For both the posts, as earlier held by Adenauer, Erhard, and Kiesinger. The sisler-CSU party leader, Strauss, till now supports Barzel for the twin candidature, but his party has already announced that the election of the Chancellor-designate could not penman- ently remain the exclusive preserve of the CDU, The 'Young Union", a pressure group within the CDU, has recently announced its decision in favour of splitting the posts and supporting liar/el for Chancellor and Kohl for the Party. Hut, till now, Barzel has stuck to his decision of either both or none; and, it does not seem unlikely that he would eat the cake and have it too. But if Kohl manages to have the party decide in favour of separating the posts, and Barzel sticks to his promise, CSU leader Strauss would perhaps no longer stay on the sidelines and is most likely to demand his pound of flesh.

Middle Kingdom Invites a Barbarian

has replaced state institutions as investors and suppliers of capital. There are no investment corporations as in India or elsewhere. The half-way house of 'market socialism' denies adequate opportunities for private investment and the creation of a share market or for the setting up of co-operative institutions. Private savings go into banks which in turn provide the loan capital for enterprises at high cost to the economy. These trial and error methods have brought insolvency to numerous enterprises, because the Yugoslavs have yet to learn some basic lessons about the links between capital investment and profit returns.

Innocence in South Block

Innocence in South Block G P Deshpande THE annual report of the Ministry of External Affairs for 1969-70 had proclaimed that "the foreign policy of India could not stand still and remain rigid and inflexible". It one read the latest report of the Ministry for 1970- 71, one would find precious little evidence of this flexibility. The Ministry could well have reprinted the 1969-70 report and added 'ditto'. Of course, whereas the 1969-70 report had 13 chapters, the latest report has 15. The additions are chapters on "cultural centres" and "protocol matters" which give the valuable information that diplomatic missions in New Delhi now number 75 and that the administrative control of the Indian Council of Cultural Relations has been transferred to the Ministry of External Affairs, As for the rest, little seems to have changed.

From Caste to Class in Maharashtra

February 20, 1971 From Caste to Class in Maharashtra G P Deshpande THE Congress in Maharashtra is a remarkably strong and healthy organisation. One is struck by the almost monolithic unity of the MPCC and the continuity of its leadership. The Chavan-Naik-Patil troika of the MPCC seems to be doing very well, A few discordant voices are occasionally heard, only to be silenced before long. The split in the National Congress in 1969 did catch the MPCC unawares, as it were, but it did not break it. Although it voted for Sanjiva Reddy for the presidency, it soon made up its mind and decided to throw in its lot with Jagjivan Ram's Congress, It is a measure of the solidarity of the MPCC that Nijaliugappa's Congress had to fall back on such leaders as Naik- Nimbalkar who had quarrelled with the MPCC way back in 1966 and had suffered for it. The MPCC further demonstrated its strength and unity in a camp it organised in Bombay. The camp expressed MPCC's full support to Indira Gandhi's socialism, of course, as interpreted by Chavan, Naik and Vasantrao Patil.

After the Cultural Revolution

After the Cultural Revolution G P Deshpande THE joint editorials of the People's Daily, the Liberation Army Daily and the Red Flag appear thrice every year

LUSAKA-I-Our Little Barks are Frail...

THE West has already called the bluff. The, Soviets, increasingly, find the Asian - African causes a trifle boring. The non-aligned themselves are always looking for a new window-dressing for their tried and reliable bi-alignment. It was amazing, against this background; that sixty-odd states were represented at the Third Non-aligned States Conference at Lusaka, Not only that, there seem to be new aspirants to membership of this club. Trinidad, in fact, sought admission and got it. Pakistan had made a similar but an unsuccessful effort at the Preparatory Conference at Dar-es-Salaam earlier this year. Evidently the term non-alignment not only retains some of its charm, but also continues to be the status symbol par excellence! This is the reason why these statesmen met at a brand new building specially constructed for the conference at Lusaka at a cost of 8 crores of rupees. How many arms these eight crores would have bought for the guerillas fighting in Southern Africa is an idle question; for a grand resolution condemning all the concerned powers was passed from the same building. The non-aligned leaders, astute statesmen as they were, did not go further. Indira Gandhi recalled our glorious freedom struggle and said that the Africans were fighting the same struggle as we ourselves had in the recent past. Everybody had something to say in this vein. The non-aligned summit, however, had no blueprint made for what these emergent countries could do to help the cause of liberation in Africa south of the Zimbabwe. The non-aligned shall periodically pass resolutions condemning the United States, France, West Germany, Britain and Japan (as they did at Lusaka) and shall keep quiet till the next summit. The advanced states have, it would seem, come to see through these slogans. They do not worry about them any longer. Meanwhile we have only a mild reproach for the British duplicity in Rhodesia and South Africa. The Commonwealth survives in spite of Enoch Powells and meaningless economic sanctior against Ian Smith. It seems, like a dip in the Holy Ganga, a resolution every five years or so will wash us off our guilt by association! This is only one illustration of the wordy inaction to which the non-aligned states chose to stick at Lusaka. Obviously they had no choice. Having taken a heavy intake of foreign aid, their talk of independence was bound to be hollow. Indira Gandhi made a reference to 'neo-colonialism', something which her father had never done. It was a refreshing change. She went on to assert that neo-Colonialism had no sympathy with effort of developing countries to achieve self-reliance because it would reduce economic leverage now used "for thinly disguised political purposes". There could hardly be a disagreement with this statement. But then, what should the non-aligned do about it or, for that matter, what has India done about it, were questions she had no time to answer. The much talked about self- reliance remains as far away as ever. But talking about it once in a way probably absolves one of the responsibility of doing anything about it. Words have become an opium of the ruling elite in the non-aligned states. Lusaka demonstrated that.

Mao on Indo-China

of the Shiv Sena in laying down the law elsewhere in Maharashtra (as the last Bombay Baiulh and subsequently, the stoning of the mosque at Mahud made clear). There is also a small paranoiac Hindu clement which has played on Hits rumour that Muslims have been 'plotting' against the Government ! It is necessary to state quite clearly, however, that blame cannot really be apportioned to either community singly. Both are equally responsible, as the pattern of the killings and damage to property indicate. It is true that in the ultimate analysts, the Muslims were the worst sufferers

The East Is Red with Blood

G P Deshpande Nixon's extension of the Vietnam war into Cambodia shows a remarkable ability to remain ignorant about the basic tenets of guerilla warfare and a deep-seated American arrogance in lack of regard for Asian sentiments.


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