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A Non-Vietnam World

January 10, 1976 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS A Non-Vietnam World G P D ONE more year has gone by. Much has happened during the last twelve months, but very little has changed. The world order has retained its stagnant quality so tenaciously that the fall of Saigon in the summer of 1975 appears now to be a thing of the distant past We now live in a post-Vietnam world It almost appears that we now live in a non-Vietnam world. Cambodia went the Khmer Rouge way even earlier than Vietnam. Laos fell without much international fanfare. In the annals of the liberation war, the Khmer Rouge and the Pathet Lao re- tained relatively unsung and unglori- ed as compared to their Vietnamese brethren. Laos, in particular, had it no less bloody. But glory does not seem to have visited it in as much abundance as it has Vietnam. This, of course, is a minor point when almost everybody around the world is in the process of living down the legacy of the liberation war. The Vietnamese are already playing excellent power politics. The Chinese talk more of "disorder" now than of "liberation''. The socialists in Moscow are so enamoured of some third world leaders that they are behaving and talking as if the age of "the oppressed nations of the east" has at last begun.

The Lesson of Angola

The Lesson of Angola G P D ANGOLA is easily the mast talked about country in Africa today. It is also the bloodiest perhaps. The three rival liberation organisations, UNITA in the north, FNLA in the south and the MPLA in the central zone, are all claiming or rather are fighting for control of the whole at Angola

Liberation Gone Sour

November 29, 1975 ers have become permanent after being employed as casual workers in the same factory. There are cases of workers remaining temporary after working for as long as 13 years.


INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS The Parliamentary Game G P D IN case you had forgotten that Pakistan was a parliamentary democracy, the by- election in Lahore on Sunday, October 19, was a reminder; there was also, on the same day, a by-election in Karachi for a seat in the provincial Assembly. In case you had forgotten that the People's Party was the dominant party, in fact the party of Pakistan, the results of both elections were a good reminder; Bhutto's men won both the elections hands down, more than convincingly


INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Chiao Kuan-hua's World G P D EVER since they got into the United Nations, the Chinese have used the address to the General Assembly to put out their view of the world. Chiao Kuan-hua has been doing this quite regularly for the last five years that he has been in the UN. On September 26; 1975 Chiao delivered to the seventh special session of the General Assembly his "state of the world message".


September 6, 1975 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Kissinger's Converts G P D THE miracle-man of the West, Henry Kissinger, is very near success, indeed triumph, in his peace missions to West Asia. A settlement seems to be in sight. Yitzhak Navon, chairman of the Knesset foreign affairs and defence committee, announced some of the details last week. The problem of Sinai, which was exclusively Egyptian territory not very long ago, will now be solved by the USA, Israel and, of course, Egypt. The United Nations force will act as a buffer between the Israeli occupation forces and the helpless Egyptians in. the Sinai desert. The agreement provides for compensation to Israel for giving up territory which was not its. It also provides for compensation to Israel for returning the Abu Rudeis oilfields back to their owners, Egypt. The Israelis will, of course, stay on in the Sinai desert

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS-Detente Its Base and Superstructure

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Detente: Its Base and Superstructure G P D FOR the second time in two weeks the Soviet Union has entered the Ame- rican grain market. The latest Soviet buy involves 117 mn bushels of wheat and 51 mn bushels of barley. This is in addition to 73 mn bushels bought from Canada. The cosmic union of the Apollo and the Soyuz ten days ago did not emphasise the degree of unity and friendship between the two super powers quite as forcefully as the recent Soviet grain purchases have done.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS- South-East Asia Elusive Security

STABILITY and security have not been the lot of South-East Asia, There is an ancient Confucian tale which concludes that it is better to retire to the jungles and defy the fierce tiger than to live with a tyrannical emperor. A lot of South-East Asians take this Confucian dictum seriously and retire to the jungles. The only difference is that they do not defy the tiger so much as organise insurgencies against the tyrannical emperor. The history of South-East Asia for the last quarter of a century and more testifies to this. The greater the tyranny and oppression, the fiercer the warfare in the jungles.

Smelling the Antlers of a Deer

Smelling the Antlers of a Deer G P D THERE is a fourteenth-century Japanese adage that you should never put the new antlers of a deer to your nose and smell them. They have little insects that crawl into the nose and devour the brain. The moral is simple. There are some things which one should not attempt to do. But then some people so get used to "smelling the antlers of a deer'' that they could not care less even if it were to devour their brains! The Americans tried something similar in South-East Asia last week. A defeat in Indochina was probably not enough. Somewhere in the jungles of Indochina they .seem to have smelled the antlers of a deer! How otherwise does one explain this utterly mindless act of sending a 'merchant' ship with a military cargo towards the coast of Cambodia? It led to the inevitable result. The Khmer Rouge captured the ship. President Ford landed eight thousand marines in. Thailand. He sank three Cambodian boats. He embarrassed the Thai Premier by completely ignoring the Thai protests against the landing of American marines at the Utapao base.

Building the Great Wall

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Building the Great Wall G P D An unknown boatman has just told me a great wall is going to he built to protect the Emperor. For it seems that infidel tribes, among them demons, often assemble before the imperial palace and shoot their black arrows at the Emperor.

How the US Made Cambodia s Revolution

How the US Made Cambodia's Revolution G P D THE never-ending war in Indo-China seems to be drawing to a close at last. The pressure on Pnom Penh mounted by the Khmer Rouge is growing and, with every passing day, Lon Nol's government in Cambodia is moving closer to doom. It is five years since Prince Sihanouk, was overthrown and the reliable, anti-communist men-in-uniform now ruling Cambodia took over. The only thing which Lon Nol and his comrades-in- arms have been able to demonstrate is that they have failed to find a solution to the Americans' basic problem in South-East Asia: how to sustain with brute force the dominoes which they keep shuffling in the region. The Americans and Lon Nol, and for that matter President Thieu, are nowhere near sorting out this problem.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS- Greater and Greater Disorder

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 'Greater and Greater Disorder'?
G P D THERE have not been many serious attempts in English at tracing China's view of the world-order. A good case can be made for a systematic study or the Chinese science of politics; for Chinese thinkers have thought on the problems of politics for as long as, if not longer than, the Europeans have. A part of the terminology that the Chinese use today can be related to their view of polities and power, Chou En-lai, in his political report to the fourth National People's Congress, talked of the world situation in terms which predate modern China. He reiterated the basic Chinese understanding of the world situation today (first articulated by Teng Hsiao-ping at the United Nations a few months ago) as being characterised by "greater and greater disorder".


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