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Power Is Not for Changing Hands

ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO has won the elections in Pakistan, shall we say, in a handsome way. The outcome of His bout was never in doubt. Like the American boxer Mohammed Ali, Bhutto could also shout in ecstacy; "I am the greatest", though Bhutto's ecstacy would not be half as justified as Ali's. Several people have died in Pakistan in this democratic process of electing a government. Ali could never claim this distinction; his titles were honestly carried.

A World Apart

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS A World Apart G P D THE third world is a curious place. The basic unity of this place is quite obvious. There are nearly hundred states which together make the third world. There are many languages, many religions, many races and so on. Yet the internal unity is there for everybody to see. It is often said that the third world has an anti-imperialist past which unites it. Perhaps it was so. At the moment servility to the imperialists also seems to unite them. The number of countries stoutly fighting imperialism today is so pitifully small that it does not really make sense to argue that 'anti-imperialism' unites this world. In fact, not many in the third world even talk of 'imperialism'. If one were to compile the third world utterances on 'imperialism' it would not be a particularly violent book.

Philosopher of Detente

HENRY KISSINGER will be succeeded by Cyrus Vance in the US Department of State this week. Kissinger's eventful career of eight years at the National Security Council and later in the Department of State has been the envy of many in the US and outside. One has only to think of the scores of Indian academics who thought (and still think) of themselves as the Brown Kissingers of India's foreign policy to appreciate the enormous impact the man has made. To a host of Third World Brahmins he became a modern-day Chanakya. He seemed to represent to most of them an 'ideal type', a type to which one day they themselves hoped to belong. They did not like his arrogance, and yet they hoped that they could themselves be one day as powerfully arrogant as he had been for the last eight years, Kissinger seemed to represent the "intellectual politician". Arrogance goes well with intellectualism. The problem is how one carries it off. Daniel Patrick Moynihan tried it, but failed. Without quite meaning it, he became an unwelcome critic of the Third World leadership. Kissinger somehow carried his "intellectual arrogance" very ably. Intellectuals all over the world hated him perhaps, but did not admire him the less for that. This was true of the Americans themselves and was, therefore, naturally true of Third World politicians, a large number of whom are educated in the West. It is different to think of a single individual whom elites all over the world tried to emulate so much as Kissinger.


rently being decreed, effectual demand could be kept up. .
History of course ignored Parson Malthus, who focused on the short- term crisis of underconsumption and did not spare a thought for the problem of developing the capital stock in the economy. If you are not worried about the long-term problems of accumulation, you do not have to bat an eye, you can continue merrily exporting steel, perhaps at a subsidy. After ail, by exporting the steel you are creating ready cash for your traders and producers who can then spend the additional earnings on luxury goods and services, including on television sets and cricket test matches. Television in this good land of ours has come to be known as doordarshan, which translates as the long view. Here again, the standard national euphemism is at work. For the long view, read the short view, and that was all Parson Malthus was worried about. There Is an anachronism at work. Some people have assumed that India circa 1977 is Great Britain circa 1802. Thereby, there is a telescoping of one hundred seventy five years. Perhaps this is what 'doordarshan'

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS- Saving Thailand from Democracy

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Saving Thailand from Democracy G P D At last this long-expected piece of workmanship has made its appearance! At last ... Prussia has passed over to the ranks of constitutional countries... The fettered German press itself stammers words which' allow no other conclusion but that the movement party in Prussia are quite aware of the sly intentions of their "open-hearted, generous" king. The question then is this: will the king succeed in his plans? Will the" Central Assembly ... he either stupid or cowardly enough to guarantee a new loan, without securing to the people extended liberties, and thus give the king the means to continue: the present system for an indefinite ength of time?

Differential Logic

October 23, 1976 territory, and (ii) the structuring of the economic order on the racial lines


boycott on Ugandan imports after the Indian expulsion, the United States refused to follow suit; instead, it taught the whole of Uganda's coffee crop


INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Third World News Pool G P D THE Third World is soon going to have a news agency pool of its own. The details have been sorted out at the conference in New Delhi presided over by Vidya Charan Shukla, Le Monde has-come out with a criticism of the distorted news picture of the Third World that the news agencies have so far been giving us. A distinguished French newspaper saying so mast have finally clinched the issue in Delhi. A leading white newspaper endorsing the desire of the Third World ministers to have a news agency pool of their own is the most convincing of the goad intentions of the World leadership. It is one thing to be angry with the West, and quite another to be ignored by it. The ministers who conferred in New Delhi, at least some of them, occasionally enjoy an anti-West speech. What, however, hurts them is the we-don't- care-for-you attitude of the West. Le Monde has finally assured them that it understands their intentions and that it does not take any offence at what V C Shukla and his African, . Asian and Latin American colleagues say.

Outlines of a China Policy

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Outlines of a China Policy G P D IN another month and a half K R Narayanan will present his credentials in Peking. By itself, the act of presentation of credentials will not have more than symbolic value; and yet, international politics in our part of the world would have taken a turn

Nepal King s Visit to Tibet

KING BIRENDRA is going to Tibet. Very few visitors have been allowed this privilege. One understands that a north European ambassador to Peking was recently taken around Tibet, may be to break the ground for the king's visit. Kings and princes have always got rather nice treatment in Peking. Statesmen all around the world must be jealous of the ruler of the Himalayan kingdom for this extraordinary opportunity to visit the exotic Patola palace in Lhasa.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS-Social Democracy in New Garb

amongst ASEAN countries: (a) long term quantity contracts; (b) purchase finance support at preferential interest rates; (c) prefrence in procurement by government entities; (d) extension of tariff preferences; (e) other measures agreed upon. The economic ministers also considered joint approach to other world economic problems and HAROLD Wilson has decided to quit. Liberalism is hopelessly out of fashion these days. Otherwise one would have said many nice things about the rather sweet British habit of retiring from politics. British Prime Ministers may or may not do a good job of governing the country. But they certainly seem to know when to say enough is enough. We live in a world where renunciation of power does not come very easily to most people, Wilson with a mere eight years in power has decided to give up. It seems that he has been at the helm of little England's affairs longer than any Prime Minister has been during this century' This is unthinkable on this side of Suez. We in Asia have a tradition of life-long presidents. Barring the 'capitalist roaders' in Mao's land, the premiers and the presidents do not take challenges to their power very lightly. Bhutto has in fact made a former Prime Minister's son, Khairuddin, a stateless person. Now Prime Ministers' sons are not normally treated in this manner. But Khairuddin's problem was that his father's prime ministership was a matter of history. In any case he is now a sateless person for the simple reason that he has opposed his prime minister. Wilson's trouble is that he was not born a South Asian. Otherwise he would have thought of better methods of solving the problems of the Labour government.


taken the international stage. The Rho- desian guerilla forces and the ideological complexion of the future Zim- babwian regime are both taking shape ander the protective shadow of Frelimo and the MPLA. The future of Namibia and Zimbabwe and also of Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zaire, and South Africa itself, can no longer be determined by last year's emergence of a Vorsterian strategy for the region. Ian Smith's intransigence, the inability of INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS South Africa to foist a more flexible leadership on Rhodesian whites, and the victories of the people behind Machel and Neto, have put paid to that. The future of Southern Africa can now only be settled militarily, and for the moment a least will be dominated by the path that Machel has to steer between the dictates "of revolutionary principle and the realpolitik of a theatre in which every conceivable international interest comes into play.


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