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Taking China Along

Taking China Along G P D WHILE it is true that yet another exercise in North-South dialogue will not deliver any goods, the trip to Can- cun will give Indira Gandhi in oppor- tunity to exchange views with the Ame rican President and the Chinese Prime Minister, She has to persuade Reagan that her government is worth investing in. She can take this opportunity' to find out what kind of 'economic' behaviour Reagan expects from India; what is it that India needs in order that the IMF $ 5.6 billion loan starts flowing. It is to he seen how Reagan reacts to our overtures. The meeting with the Chinese Prime Minister should give Indira' Gandhi an opportunity to re- Mime the dialogue with China which seems to have slowed down. Reiteration of respective border claims do not contribute anything to the betterment of relations. The time has come for India to decide what it wants to make of the future of Sino-Indian -relations.

Traitors and Saviours

plain incompetence are the saviours of Traitors and Saviours the nation. INDIRA GANDHI is of the view that everybody is out to downgrade India. She is right. The Antulays and Gundu Raos can scarcely be expected to do otherwise. When a gang rules a captive population nothing else can result. Deng had to deal with the so-called gang of tour in China. We have to suffer a gang of we do not know how many exposed and unexposed scoundrels masquerading as people's leaders. The Chinese 'gang' was given that name by those who succeeded it in power. What the Chinese people thought of it we have no knowledge. In our country it is the other way round. Those ruling this country have an army of scoundrels who present them as the saviours. That the people might think of them as a gang is no concern of Indira Gandhi, Venkataraman, Hidayatullah and the like.

Uses of the Treaty

Uses of the Treaty G P D DELHI has been in a festive mood over the last week or so. The tenth anniversary of the famous Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation was being celebrated. The festivities, of course, happened to be at different levels and exhibited differing degrees of enthusiasm. To begin with, Indira Gandhi did not appear, to be particularly jubilant over the anniversary. She and her colleague Venkataraman were perhaps more busy gloating over the favourable response from the IMF. The Soviets sent a delegation, organised film shows and contributed articles to the special supplements brought out by some leading newspapers. Generally it appeared that the Soviets were far more enthusiastic about the anniversary than the Indians.

Ball in India s Court

 the money to make large-scale purchases at such prices. Buying just a few planes makes no sense in military terms. India's present requirement is put at 45 squadrons (of about 16 aircraft each); China's requirement would be much higher.

On the Eve of Huang Hua s Visit

councils." Thus the main difference between the clergy and the liberals is of orientation (Western or medieval) rather than of class interests. Rani Sadr himself wants to organise Iranian economy on the basis of Western capitalism. With this in view he had appointed a young cconoinist Ali Reza Nobari as the governor of the Central Rank of Iran. The Prime Minister resented his appointment and ultimately forced him to resign. The power struggle between the clergy and the liberals is a struggle between feudal and modernising forces in Iran. The clergy may find it difficult to retain feudal relations of production (the current social turmoil helps generate heightened political consciousness among the masses) although its feudal outlook represented by its medieval oriented religious teachings finds acceptance in the backward social ethos of Iran.

Signalling Reagan from Islamabad

 been taken over by it is certainly worth looking at. Of these units, 37 (under government management for periods ranging from three years to nine years) are .still sick. Of the 16 units run by the government for nearly nine years, only three have been able to show any profit.

China Back on Agenda

 the same technocratic-elitist background of President Giscard d'Estaing and Jacques Chirac, is currently considered one of France's most promising politicians. With an attractive electoral personality and a hard-driving, two-fisted style, Rocard, who prefers a more dynamic and centrist concept of Socialism, is also less beholden to the union of the Left with the Communists. He had initially announced his intention to contest but drew only a fraction of support from the Party. lie later withdrew in favour of Mitterand.

Imperialism No More

'Imperialism No More'! G P D WE happened to be in Delhi when the two famous rallies were held

Waking Up to Realities

Waking Up to Realities G P D WIT H Reagan's election to the presidency of the United States, the Taiwan issue seems, to be moving to the centre of Sino-West relations. Senior Taiwanese1 officials visited Washington for Reagan's inauguration, On January 17, the New China News Agency made a curious comment on the invitation. It said that the invitation was "an important step toward resumption of official relations with Taiwan in violation of the principles contained in the Sino-Us communique". As if this comment was not mild enough the Xinhua went on to inform readers that "it is learned that the Chinese government has expressed to the American side firm opposition to this step''. The sobriety and the coolness of this comment is indeed unprecedented in Chinese diplomatic language. Is there a hope in Beijing that President Reagan may not complicate Sino-West relations further and therefore a little token accommodation of the American satellites ruling in Taibei can be ignored?

Where Deng Is Taking China

EVEN as the sordid trial of the so- called gang of four continues in Beijing, Deng and his comrades are giving enough signals that they have bigger things in mind. The break with Mao and his legacy will be complete. It has been known for some time now that as a part of this relentless drive towards a new order in China, an attack on Hua Guofeng has been launched, aimed at eventually replacing him as the Chairman of the Republic. Mao Zedong had said that with Hua Guofeng in charge he had no worries about the course China would take after him. Naturally, any real break with Mao Zedong and his legacy will, therefore, have to involve a break with Hua Guofeng. Attacks on Hua have essentially to be seen as a part of the process of ushering in a genuinely post-Mao China.

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS-What Brezhnev Did Not Get

What Brezhnev Did Not Get G P D IN spite of the tremendous publicity built up Brezhnev's pilgrimage to Ja- waharlal Nehru's and Indira Gandhi's India was a rather tame affair. He does not seem to have persuaded the lady to believe what he had to say on most matters except of course of them Soviet Union's "particular liking for Shreemati Indira Gandhi, that out standing political and state figure of contemporary Asia". One does not know if he made any impact on Indira Gandhi by saying this; perhaps not because literally thousands of sychop- hants are telling this truth to her anyway. It would make some difference naturally that this assessment has come from a man who is head of the first socialist state in history. Beyond giving this certificate of outstanding behaviour he achieved very little of consequence on this trip to Delhi, Brezhnev was here seven years after his last trip. Those were different times. Indira Gandhi was a confident political leader, all sure of herself. The Bangladesh affair was not yet forgotten. India appeared to be supreme in South Asia. The domestic front was reasonably quiet. The pic- ture has changed. The lady seems to have lost her magic touch. Every new day brings a new story, indeed scores of them, which underline the basic fact of our politics today, namely, the ruling elite talks nonsense and presides over new chaos. Repression is the only answer to problems this government knows of. It was an American privilege, one would have thought, to compliment generously leaders who have nothing more than anti-people policies to show as their achievement. The Soviets seem to have learnt the game. They have, in fact, outdone their teachers! It is not known what Brezhnev advised the CPI delegation which met him in Delhi. The socialist countries are given to recommending their foreign policy line as the ideal revolutionary line to other communist parties. In this particular case the Soviets have done it once before. It is not known if Brezhnev's realisation of the outstanding qualities of Indira Gandhi was also passed on to Rajeshwar Rao and Bhupesh Gupta who met him. Availa-

Quest for Shivaji s Sword

Quest for Shivaji's Sword G P D THIS country seems to have found a right foreign policy issue at last. Antulay will first go to Mecca and after obtaining the blessings there he will fly to London on his sacred mission of acquiring Shivaji's sword. For some time now Indian foreign policy has been groping for an issue. It could do precious little in the Iraq-Iran crisis. Akashvani tried to feature a few discussions in Hindi and English in which our clever analysts tried to examine what role the non- aligned states could play in the West Asian crisis. While our articulate champions of an Indian role everywhere were struggling to attract world attention to a role for the non- aligned and particularly for India, the war reached something of a stalemate. There is precious little that we could have done anyway. Our professional commentators who take themselves too seriously normally have little use for issues and problems on which, as leading non-aligned experts, they cannot express their profound and considered opinions. However, over the last few months these clever foreign affairs professionals have discovered that they have precious little to say on international issues and what they have to say matters less and less. Partly this is so because in terms of ideas they have reached a dead-endPartly it is also due to the fact that Indira Gandhi and her government are taking strange positions on problems relating to the interests of this country.

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