ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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On Some Contentious Issues of the New Poverty Line

Controversy continues to haunt the Tendulkar poverty line. It may be better if the poverty line is defi ned in terms of an "exogenously fi xed" monthly per capita expenditure.

Current Status of Industrial Statistics in India: Strengths and Weaknesses

Different aspects of official industrial statistics in India for the organised/unorganised and large/medium/smallscale units in the industrial sector are collected from/by five different agencies - the Annual Survey of Industries, the Follow-up Establishment Surveys of the Economic Census, census-cum-surveys of small-scale industries, the Central Statistical Organisation's Index of Industrial Production and the occasional Economic Census. This paper discusses the strengths and weaknesses of these statistics and suggests possible improvements.

What Does the Recent Indian Consumption Behaviour Tell?

The paper presents alternative estimates of poverty lines and head count ratios for India and its states and union territories, not only with respect to the fixed all-India calorie norm, but also by considering the state-specific benchmarks. These alternative estimates are found to be much higher than the official estimates. Given the extent of divergence of such a large magnitude, it is high time to revisit the methodological issues of estimation of poverty lines and head count ratios.

Precision of Estimates of Gross Value Added Per Worker

Gross value added per worker (GVAPW) in any sector of the economy is an important parameter used in national accounts statistics since its product with the population of the workforce is used to estimate GDP originating in the sector. The author describes the method used for estimating GVAPW in the services sector in the 57th round of the National Sample Survey, and discusses the sampling error of the estimates as well as the probable reasons for large possible error in some sub-sectors.

On Calibrating the Poverty Line for Poverty Estimation in India

This paper examines the issue of the appropriateness of using National Sample Survey 28th round data for setting the official base year poverty line. The poverty lines, as per the alternative base years according to the data of NSS 27th and 26th rounds, which are based on much larger sample sizes, are found to be significantly higher. The paper also brings out the fact that the rural-urban difference in the average daily per capita calorie requirement of the Indian population as per the official statistical system narrows significantly with the suggested change in the classification of worker population, which is by no means unrealistic or unwarranted.

Enlarging the Scope of Annual Survey of Industries

This paper makes an attempt to study the magnitude of big units in the non-manufacturing sector of the Indian economy based on data generated by the Economic Census 1998. It also analyses the distribution of big units by industry, state and union territory. It has been demonstrated that the number of big units is small as compared to the total number of units in the country, but that their share in total number of workers is quite substantial, and their share in GDP is likely to be even larger. Accordingly, it has been suggested that the scope of the ASI should be enlarged to cover all such big units in the non-manufacturing sector. This would improve the database for the entire non-agricultural sector, in general, and for national income, in particular.
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