ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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State Funding of Elections

A more critical perspective is required on the matter of state funding of elections, taking into account the wider political economy context and the intricacies of democratic processes in India. The experience of other countries should be examined keeping track of the objectives proclaimed and their possible realisation.

The Victimising Discourse-Sex-Determination Technologies and Policy

Sex-Determination Technologies and Policy Dolly Arora How do potentially dangerous technologies acquire peopled approval? Does this involve an element of choice? Or does it indicate the growing hold of structures and technologies of control in defining the very meaning of choice? And if this is so. what can be done to alter the situation ? These issues are addressed through a study of one particular development, the spread of sex determination technologies and the evolution of state policy towards it. The focus is on the essentially victimising content of these technologies as well as state policy.

Women and Environment

Environment, Development and the Gender Gap by Sandhya Venkateswaran; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1995; pp 234, Rs 250. RECENT years have seen the emergence of women as an important category on the agenda for social research. This is especially so in the field of environment and development studies. A large number of studies have looked into specific activities, problems and policies with reference to women as their mechanisms, victims or beneficiaries. The book under review is another addition to the range of such works.

Addressing Welfare in Third World Contexts-Indian Case

Indian Case Dolly Arora Welfare discourse in third world countries has revolved around western experiences and theories, missing the nature and context of their own problems. This paper examines welfare issues in the context of India and suggests that third world countries need to evolve alternative approaches to welfare that are appropriate for them.

Managing Common Resources

Dolly Arora Managing Common Pool Resources: Principals and Case Studies by Katar Singh; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1994; pp xx+366, Rs 425.

NGOs and Women s Empowerment

Women and Wasteland Development in India edited by Andrea M Singh and Neera Burra; Sage Publications, New Delhi, 1993; pp 336, Rs 295. DEVELOPMENT discourse underwent three major shifts in accent in the decade of 80s, reflecting in, one, an increased concern for the protection of environment; two, an emphasis on people's participation, especially in the protection, management and regeneration of natural resources; and, three, the incorporation of gender concerns as an important element of development concerns. The growing interest of international agencies, nongovernmental organisations and donor agencies as well as the Indian state in programmes of wasteland development on the one hand and increasing involvement of women in these programmes on the other both manifests this discursive transformation and creates further discursive space for subsequent policy actions and expectations. It is essentially in this context that one can understand the various projects on women and wasteland development being undertaken by several non-governmental organisations in specific local settings.

Big Business, Influence-Generation, and Decision-Making in India

This paper attempts to summarise the findings of our research as regard the patterns of interaction between big business and the ruling elite of India, the form that such interaction takes, the determinants of the attitudes and behaviour of the two towards each other, and the impact that this interaction has on decision-making in the Indian political system. In the process, we have tested the prevailing notions about the political process in India as well as the conceptual frameworks provided by the dominant theories, in the light of the peculiar features of the Indian political system.
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