ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A DharmalingamSubscribe to A Dharmalingam

Demography and Development: Preliminary Interpretations of the 2011 Census

The pace at which India's population is growing is slowing, but not as rapidly as expected; India will become the largest country in the world sooner than earlier forecast. Literacy rates have increased sharply between 2001 and 2011; some of the low performing rates have shown strong improvements, the others have not. The dismal picture in the 2011 Census is that even as the overall sex ratio has improved due to better adult female mortality, that of the child sex ratio has further deteriorated. High mortality among girl children and sex selective abortions have pushed the child sex ratio down in all but three states.

Muslim-Hindu Fertility Differences

This paper examines Muslim-Hindu differences in the desire for an additional child and the use of contraceptives. It uses data from the National Family Health Survey carried out in 1998-99 and employs multivariate and multilevel regression models in data analysis. Results show that Muslim-Hindu differences in the desire for additional children and use of contraceptives are pervasive across India and almost invariant across states and districts. This is consistent with the findings from our analysis of data from the first NFHS in 1992-93. However, Muslim-Hindu differences have narrowed between 1992-93 and 1998-99. It is thus argued that Muslim-Hindu fertility behaviour seems to be moving towards convergence. The pervasiveness of Muslim-Hindu differences in reproductive behaviour calls for complementary ?global explanations?.

Conditions of Brick Workers in South Indian Village

South Indian Village A Dharmalingam Brick workers in a Tamil village are so underpaid that it becomes difficult for them to reproduce even the labour expended. An increasing number of brick workers are taking to other areas of employment. The expanding brick industry also has had deleterious effects on the environment by felling trees for fuel the consequences of which are felt more by the poor than the rich The rich brick industrialists have distorted traditional social relations and widened the social distance between the 'haves' and the "have-nots'.

Agrarian Structure and Population in India-A Selective Survey

A Selective Survey A Dharmalingam Investigation of aggregate demographic change in a population requires study of different demographic regimes contained in the whole. Demographic forces should also be viewed in the context of overall social development in concrete historical forms. Thus India's post-Independence demography, to be properly understood, must be studied in terms of the class structure and class relations not only of post-Independence India but also of the pre-Independence period under native and foreign economic and political powers.

Fertility and Mortality in Colonial India

climate (what Alice refers to as 'regional factors') in the state. Notes [The author gratefully acknowledges the discussion with S P Kashyap.) 1 The hypothesis of income-led decline of the household sector may not be the only major explanation for, the evidence in Table 1 [Alice. 1990] does not indicate higher per capita net domestic product in Kerala m-a- vis all-India.

Demographic History or Historical Demography

Demographic History or Historical Demography? A Dharmalingam India's Historical Demography: Studies in Famine, Disease and Society edited by Tim Dyson; Collected Papers on South Asia, No 8, Centre for South Asian Studies, School of Orietntal and African Studies, University of London, Curzon Press, The Riverdale Company, 1989; pp ix + 296.
Back to Top