ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The South Sudan Referendum

Having successfully voted to secede from Sudan in a peaceful referendum, the people of South Sudan face substantial challenges in both nation- and state-building.

Blood on Your Mobile?

The question of establishing a value chain in mobile phones that is free of coltan (a mineral used in capacitors, essential for these phones) is not only one of tracing the path of supply of this mineral. Traceability needs to be backed by measures to support artisanal miners through local facilitation centres and finance, and with steps to establish a credible state, one responsible to its citizens, including the miners.

Trade (in Tasks) and Development

Frontiers of Commodity Chain Research edited by Jennifer Bair (Stanford: Stanford University Press), 2009;

Resource Curse and Jharkhand

Why are politicians and bureaucrats in Jharkhand uninterested in spending central development funds even when the state is so backward? And why are they not apprehensive about what this would do to their electoral fortunes? The Madhu Koda case supplies the answers. The ruling elite relies on a share of the rents or super profits from issuing licences for the state's massive mineral resources. And the vote-gathering system is largely based on kinship and community ties, rather than on interest groups demanding various benefits.

Social Security, Compensation and Reconstruction of Livelihoods

The inevitable displacement of indigenous people due to transformation of their habitats for use in industrial projects is one of the consequences of the Indian economic growth story. Many issues abound - those concerning compensation, provision of social security, and reconstruction of the livelihoods for those who are displaced. This article discusses these issues and elaborates on a workable approach.

Darfur: Primary Accumulation and Genocide

Genocide in Darfur is the reason that has been invoked by the International Criminal Court to issue a warrant against the president of Sudan. The conflict situation in Darfur, which had deteriorated into ethnic cleansing and numerous other crimes, owes itself to the nature of the primary accumulation process that disrupted the earlier forms of reconciliation and redistribution between the ethnic communities in the region.

Understanding Globalisation

National Perspectives on Globalisation edited by Paul Bowles, Henry Veltmeyer, Scarlet Cornelissen, Noela Invernizzi and Kong-leung Tang;

Globalisation of Labour

The article discusses the implications of the entry of labour from China, India and Russia into the global labour force. It looks at global demand requirements for the absorption of this labour force and the possibility of bargaining for improved working conditions within globalised production networks. The article concludes with the global conditions of action to build an international countervailing power.

Development and Deprivation of Scheduled Tribes

This paper presents estimates of the human development index, human poverty index and gender development index for the scheduled tribes in India. The HDI and HPI for STs are found to be around 30 per cent lower than the corresponding all-India indices. In an international comparison, development and deprivation among the STs of India are similar to that in the poorer countries of sub-Saharan Africa.

Rules for Fair Trade

Fair Trade for All: How Trade Can Promote Development by Joseph E Stiglitz and Andrew Charlton; Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005; DEV NATHAN In the market system there is a manner of equality that has both positive and negative effects. As compared to feudal or casteist systems that prescribe who can consume what, the market does not recognise the individual behind the buyer. This is a positive advance due to the market system. At the same time, the market is blind to the strengths and weaknesses and the capabilities that the buyer and seller bring to the market. Equality of access is taken to be equality of opportunity. The perniciousness of this doctrine of equality of access is seen vividly in the case of international trade. Does equal access mean equal opportunity? In the current version of the three worlds (developed, developing and least developed countries (LDCs)) equal access to each other

Hill Economies of the North-eastern Region

The hill economies of the remote north-east region of India have been undeveloped and somewhat disconnected from the Indian economy in general. Ways to redress their lack of development and realise the full potential of the many advantages this region enjoys were discussed in a recent seminar.

Capabilities and Aspirations

Changes in aspirations seen in various parts of the developing world have fostered the creation of new needs. The ?capacity to aspire?, however, is not evenly distributed among groups. As this article explains, the capacity to aspire depends on existing capabilities and practices. While these are decided, among other things, by set traditions and modes of group interaction and development, aspirations can be modified through conscious interventions in the shape of education, communication and a greater exposure to the wider world.

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