ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Deepita ChakravartySubscribe to Deepita Chakravarty

Factory Sector of Manufacturing

In my paper “Trade Unions and Business Firms: Unorganised Manufacturing in West Bengal” (EPW, 6 February 2010) I intended to do an analysis of net value added (NVA), employment, labour productivity and wage share in NVA in the four states of West Bengal, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu for the...

Trade Unions and Business Firms: Unorganised Manufacturing in West Bengal

Earlier studies held the militant trade unionism of the 1970s and the early 1980s responsible for the increasing importance of unorganised manufacturing activities in West Bengal. This paper argues instead that this importance of unorganised manufacturing was not so much the result of weakening trade unionism and a vulnerable workforce, but the outcome of an implicit understanding between the trade unions and the management. This understanding allowed wage growth to continue in the absence of productivity growth, alongside the gradual reduction of permanent workers in favour of contract workers, and the farming out of production to the unorganised sector by firms.

Girl Children in the Care Economy: Domestics in West Bengal

Work participation rates among women are low in West Bengal, below the national average; but the state has the highest incidence of working girl children in the urban areas. Based mainly on secondary data, the analysis here suggests that the relatively high prevalence of domestic service and the tradition of inducting girl children into it have led to this trend. A complex interaction of historical, cultural and social practices, together with economic factors, determine women's work in general and that of girl children in particular. A significant factor in this context is the increasing urban affluence in the state led by the growth of the service sector in the recent years.

Banking on Themselves

We Are Poor But So Many: The Story of Self-Employed Women in India by Ela R Bhatt; Oxford University Press, 2006; DEEPITA CHAKRAVARTY Ihope I am not wide of the mark in calling this book an autobiography of Ela R Bhatt and also a biography of the evolution of a trade union of unorganised poor women workers in Gujarat at the same time, for they seem to me to be symbiotically linked to each other. In her own words the book is about

Growing Services in India

This study is an explorative, inter-sectoral analysis of state domestic product data to understand the determinants of services sector growth in India during recent years. It is a demand side analysis where the services sector output of a specific state is not only a function of the outputs of a state's own agriculture and industry but also the output of the commodity-producing sector of the rest of the Indian economy. The findings suggest that while a state's own industry turns out to be the most important determinant of services sector growth, the commodity-producing sector of the country outside the state does play a significant role as well in determining services sector performance under certain conditions that basically relate to the supply side.

Useful Textbook and More

enter different markets by diversifying its Useful Textbook and More Economics of Business Policy by Dibyendra Nath Sengupta and Anindya Sen; Oxford University Press, New York,

Expansion of Markets and Women Workers

The literature on the gender implications of expansion of markets for employment often looks at women workers as the victims of the trade liberalisation process, resulting from discrimination in the labour market. However, discrimination is a complex process taking different forms in different contexts leading to different outcomes. This study, based on the garment manufacturing industry, suggests that in the context of a dynamic industrial activity of a poor labour-surplus economy, discrimination against women can take place outside the labour market. For example, employment depends on education and skills, to which women have unequal access.

Energy and Labour Use in Industry

This paper looks at substitutability between labour and fuel in the manufacturing sector of Andhra Pradesh, taking into account factor intensities, input ratios and relative prices. The study determines that there is a technical possibility of substitution between fuel and labour, but it is now important to study the actual processes involved at the firm level.

Work Organisation and Employment Contracts

In this paper we have examined the impact of technological modernisation on the contractual relationships between the workers and their union and the management within a firm. This calls for an examination of the internal organisation of the firm as a nexus of several treaties among its active agents. These treaties are likely to change with the changes in the production technology. Our study relates to some selected organised textile firms in India.
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