ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Debraj BhattacharyaSubscribe to Debraj Bhattacharya

Poor Monitoring System

This is a response to Malini Bhattacharya’s essay, “The Lalgarh Story” (EPW, 15 August 2009). I agree with her that we need to have a close look at the uprising in Lalgarh. Its linkages with Maoists there show that there cannot be any doubt that the ordinary people are caught in the cross-fire...

Left on the Left

This is a response to Indraneel Dasgupta’s essay “On Some Left Critiques of the Left” (EPW, 1 August 2009). I agree with him that industrialisation is necessary for West Bengal and manufacturing units would create a certain number of jobs for the poor. The recent agitations in West Bengal, however...

The Left Front in West Bengal

This is a response to Prabhat Patnaik’s “Reflections on the Left” (EPW, 11 July 2009). I have a different opinion as far as the Left’s debacle in West Bengal is concerned. The loss of votes of the Left has much more to do with local issues than with matters affecting the country and the world as a...

Kolkata 'Underworld' in the Early 20th Century

In the course of the 19th century, Kolkata had acquired a distinctly cosmopolitan 'underworld'. By the end of the century, new forms of urban disturbances had emerged in the city in the form of riots. This saw the emergence of the professional hoodlum or the 'goonda' as a manufacturer of violence in the city. At first they were largely 'upcountry' labourers, but in the course of time there was a wide variety of goondas in terms of origin and social background. By 1923, the Goondas Act had been promulgated ostensibly with the aim of controlling such hoodlums engaged in a range of 'criminal' acts, as defined by the colonial legislation.
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