ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Serbian Hegemony, Ethnic Heterogeneity and Yugoslav Break-Up

Despite serious attempts at rectification, the federative system of Yugoslavia, as was nurtured by its first premier Josip Broz Tito in the post-second world war period, exploded by 1990-91. The tenacity of ethnicity and finely differentiated versions of south Slav nationalism, sharpened by frequent foreign imperial dominations of the region in the past, defeated Tito's design as well as international efforts to save Yugoslavia from Balkanisation. Instead of integrating the eight ethnic groups comprising Yugoslavia into a single nation, certain political and economic dynamics of the federal system tended to unintentionally reinforce ethnic nationalism within each federal unit, especially the larger and more assertive ones. The serbian domination of the state power structure, unwarranted by population size or economic strength, provoked the assertion of non-serbian ethnic identities. If the croats and the slovenes succeeded in achieving a state and an economy of their own within the parameters of a nation, the Bosnian Muslims and the Kosovo Albanians became victims of the serbian repression unleashed against them.

Tibet under Communist Rule

Dawa Norbu The Dragon in the Land of Snows: A History of Modern Tibet since 1947 by T sering Shakya; Pimlico, London, 1999; distributed by Rupa and Company,

A Committed Tibetologist-Nirmal Chandra Sinha, 1911-97

Nirmal Chandra Sinha, 1911-97 Dawa Norbu THE passing away of Nirmal Chandra Sinha on August 3. 1997 at Siliguri was as quiet as the man himself'. The news was not disclosed even to the tibetological circles in which he had occupied a preeminent position during the last four decades. His last publication An Introduction to the History and Religion of Tibet (1991) does not even mention any of his previous works, especially his famous essays which made him one of the pioneering Tibetologists in post-colonial India .This was typical of Nirmal Chandra Sinha. I le was a quiet, soft-spoken gentleman, and a formidable intellectual.

Post-Communist Societies Return of the Reformed Natives

'Post-Communist' Societies: Return of the Reformed Natives Dawa Norbu THE velvet revolutions of 1989 and 1991 evoked more emotional response than critical reflection, and quite understandably so. They represented a multi-faceted victory for the 'free world' winning the cold war without firing a single shot. Hence, several enterprising writers rushed to such sensational conclusions as the death of Communism or 'extinction of Leninism' (as if powerful idea- systems with nearly 80 years of action consequences could die like flies) and 'transition to democracy' (as if these fragmented societies could switch over from one type of regime to another as easily as switching TV programmes).
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