ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

D S SidhuSubscribe to D S Sidhu

Technical Change and Wheat Productivity in Post-Green Revolution Punjab

in Post-Green Revolution Punjab D S Sidhu Derek Byerlee What have been the major sources of growth in wheat productivity in the post-green revolution period following the widespread adoption of HYVs? To what extent does the slower growth in productivity reflect changing input-output price ratios? How are increased yields and changing practices reflected in changes in costs of production and total factor productivity in wheat? This paper seeks to answer these questions based on an analysis of trends in micro-level data on the Punjab wheat economy PUNJAB is one of the most important wheat producing states in India. It covers 14 per cent of national wheat area, accounts for 25 per cent of national wheat production, and provides more than 50 per cent of the wheat procured by the government food distribution scheme. It also has the highest wheat yield in the country, averaging 3.6 t/ha in 1986-88 compared to 2 t/ha for India as a whole.

Price-Support versus Fertiliser Subsidy-An Evaluation

An Evaluation Jagrup Singh Sidhu D S Sidhu The relative efficiency and equity of price-support compared to the fertiliser subsidy policy is evaluated applying an analytical framework to Indians rice and wheat economy. The results demonstrate that fertiliser subsidy policy is more beneficial than price-support, and called for reducing the fertiliser price by about 27 per cent to achieve self sufficiency Low price elasticity of output, high price elasticity of fertiliser demand and high production elasticity of fertiliser contributed to the relative superiority of fertiliser subsidy policy over price-support policy. Distributional and inflationary implications indicate that the fertiliser subsidy policy is more egalitarian than the price-support policy and is also anti-inflationary.
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