ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Review of the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana

The enrolment of the poor in the flagship health insurance scheme, the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana in its third year of operation does not show any sign of it covering all the poor by 2012. This article estimates the proportion of the eligible below the poverty line families enrolled for the scheme and the fraction of those hospitalised who are covered.

Pursuing Justice and Equity in Health

and Equity in Health Public Health, Ethics, and Equity edited by Sudhir Anand, Fabienne Peter and Amartya Sen; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2006;

A Review of Health and Economics

and Economics Report of the National Commission on Macroeconomics and Health, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, 2005.

Scaling Up Social Health Insurance without Analysis?

Scaling Up Social Health Insurance without Analysis? D NARAYANA The bulk of the two issues of EPW (July being devoted to health insurance is proof

Local Governance without Capacity Building

With the passing of the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments in India the structure of governance has changed permanently from a two-tier to a three-tier system with union, state and panchayats/nagar palikas. However, a necessary condition for the transformation of panchayats into local governments is devolution of powers, resources and functions to them and capacity building among the elected representatives. This paper analyses the functioning of the elected representatives at the gram panchayat level in Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, elected ward members show poor awareness of powers and responsibilities, but Kerala is different. In Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, panchayats are perceived as agents of state governments, whereas in Kerala they are taken as local governments. In all three states, panchayat presidents understand the legislation better but planning for development is a far cry as little effort seems to have gone into capacity building and devolution of powers and resources. Unless larger powers and resources are devolved and elected representatives are trained, local government will be a dream.

Has Poverty Declined in India in the 1990s?

The issue of poverty reduction in India has been a subject of debate for long. Following the initiation of economic reforms in 1991 the issue has gained added importance in that the question being asked is, has growth trickled down. The answer to the question has depended on the data used, and which data who has used has largely been guided by faith. Believers in National Sample Survey (NSS) hold that poverty has not come down whereas nonbelievers hold that poverty has come down rapidly in the 1990s.

Tenancy in the Context of Irrigation Uncertainty-Role of the Leading Input in Shaping Institutions

The authors' analysis of data collected from village surveys in Kanyakumari district in Tamil Nadu shows that both the incidence and form of tenancy are governed by the irrigation situation and the? changes in it. Irrigation uncertainty leads to a lower incidence of tenancy and the form itself changes in the direction of sharecropping. In understanding the terms of contract in the land market, a unified treatment of the land and labour markets is helpful But its application is limited to the case when the crop cultivated is a subsistence crop. Such unified treatment is not essential for the understanding of land contracts when the crop cultivated is a cash crop.

Financial Sector Reforms-Is There a Strategy for Agricultural Credit

In their zeal to push through financial sector reforms and to turn the sector into a handmaiden of industry and trade, the government and pro- reform academics are ignoring the pivotal role banks have played in promoting private capital formation in agriculture.

Coffee Trade in India-Is There a Case for Privatisation

Is There a Case for Privatisation? D Narayana LAST year an internal sales quota (ISO) of 30 per cent was introduced in the domestic coffee market where the practice for the last SO years was one of pooling. This year the demand has been for a free sales quota (FSQ). These are clear steps towards the privatisation of trade. Before getting lost in the strong currents of privatisation a dispassionate analysis of the coffee trade under the Coffee Board is in order.

Industry and Trade Liberalisation-Performance of Motor Vehicles and Electronics Industries, 1981-91

Performance of Motor Vehicles and Electronics Industries, 1981-91 D Narayana K J Joseph The entire premise of structural reform is that the micro units, viz. the firms, will respond to the stimuli of the macro environment Given that the gradual opening up of the Indian economy can be traced to the late seventies and the early eighties, this process has been at work for over 10 years, which is not a short period. How have the firms responded to the policy changes? Can we learn some lessons from the experience of the last 10 years? This paper seeks to address these issues with specific reference to the motor vehicles and electronics industries.

Institutional Credit for Rural Development-Proper Risk-Management or Group Lending

Proper Risk-Management or Group Lending? D Narayana One of the major achievements of commercial banking in general and the directed credit programme in particular has been the extension of the outreach of the banking sector to the small and marginal farmers and the weaker sections of society. The Narasimham Committee on the Financial System has however suggested a restructuring of rural banking on the ground that priority sector lending has led to falling profitability of banks.

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