ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Export-led Disasters

D N The International People's Forum's 1991 meeting in Thailand presented collectively a critique of export-led growth even as the World Bank-IMF held their combined annual junket there seeking more of the same.

Dominant Castes, Ruling Classes and the State

Dominant Castes, Ruling Classes and the State D N THE V P Singh government's decision to institute some reservation for backward castes (BCs) has brought about a sharp turn in Indian politics. Certainly it is not the 'social revolution' that some of its votaries are calling it. But the very reaction it has aroused shows that the step is not a mere, insubstantial gesture.

Changes in Holi in Bihar

D N In the course of the lower castes acquiring dignity it is not only practices like wearing clothes of one's choice, sitting on a cot, etc, that have changed, but also the manner in which festivals and social occasions are celebrated. An example of this change is provided by the holi festival in Bihar, This democratic advance is now not confined to those villages in which actual struggles have taken place, but is a general feature of village Bihar.

A Dialectic of Oppression

The nuances of the anti-caste struggle cannot just be derived from (modern) class categories. Nor can the question of gender (or nationality for that matter) be derived from class. What this means is that each of these forms of social existence has to be studied both in its particularity and in its relation to the others.

Nepal India Objects to Arms Purchases

Arms Purchases D N While the unequal 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty gives India a veto over Nepal's purchases of arms through India, the Indian government has tried to broaden the veto to include any purchases of arms by Nepal. By its recent purchase of arms from China, the Nepali government has signified its rejection of this attempt.

India s Role in South Asia

THERE are now not many who would dispute the conclusion that the Indian state and ruling classes are out to establish a regional hegemony in South Asia. The differences lie in assessing the meaning and significance of this regional hegemony. The ideologues of the Indian state, while stressing that India's 'pre-eminence' in the region must be recognised, try to portray India's role as a benevolent one, one which rescues the neighbouring countries from the machinations of imperialism and even contributes to the development of these countries.

Migrant Workers, Super-Exploitation and Identity-Case of Sugarcane Cutters in Gujarat

The growth of the sugar industry in south Gujarat has led to a large demand for seasonal workers to cut cane. The report of a committee appointed by the Gujarat high court to enquire into the conditions of employment and living of the migrant sugarcane cutters brings out, first, their abysmally low wages and, second, the connection between such super exploitation of the cane cutters and their nationality or caste identity.

Reform as Farce

D N Any movement to end bonded labour must address itself to the questions of democratisation of political power, access of the labourers to land and other productive resources and the ending of the caste system.

Drought, Famine and Agrarian Relations

Relations D N Famine is not an inevitable consequence of drought. Drought is an act of nature, whereas famine is the result of specific agrarian relations compounded by government policy on relief which in turn depends on the pattern of accumulation being undertaken.

South African Connections

the intrusion of these forces in rural life, neither is there any attempt to examine the links between traditions and emerging socio-political forces. Yet, Nandi scoffs at the modernists for their insensitivity to larger problems of social violence.

Student Protest against Eve Teasing

carpentary with a stipend of Rs 125 per month was given to 15 young men. They were also given implements for practice of the trade. But there is no steady work for them. About 34 young men, most of whom were not oustees, were trained as masons for a period of four months Some of them have been engaged as assistants in masonry work, but the majority are still unemployed. Even manual, unskilled work is denied to the landless oustees at the construction sites of canals and dykes. The reason is that construction companies prefer to engage outsiders for such work as the outsiders are less likely to complain when they are not paid wages according to law As the landless labourers are unable to get steady work many of them are forced to starve for a significant part of the year.

RAILWAYS- Devil Take the Hindmost

This year, the Cotton Advisory Board (CAB), which includes representatives of the government, has recommended import of 3 lakh hales (of 180 kg each) of Egyptian cotton and 2 lakh bale? of Sudanese cotton. At the prevailing international prices, imports of thus magnitude would entail a foreign exchange expenditure of as much as Rs 250 crores. Already the Indo-Sudan agreement provides for imports of 125,000 bales of extra-long staple cotton from Sudan, The trade agreement with Egypt is also expected to be signed soon.

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