ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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WHO: Opportunity for Change

Over the last few years the overwhelmingly techno-managerial approach of the WHO to public health has stalled the continuing gains being made especially in countries like India. With the current director-general of the WHO due to step down, is there likely to be a revival of the Alma Ata objectives?

HEALTH-Breakdown of Public Health System

Breakdown of Public Health System D Banerji NEWSPAPER reports of serious epidemics due to three different infectious diseases from three corners of the country in the second fortnight of April 1984 underline the extent of breakdown of the public health system. The epidemics have affected scores of thousands of people (almost exclusively the poor) and thousands have lost their lives. Reference here is to outbreaks of bacillary dysentery in West Bengal, Type B virus Hepatitis in Gujarat and cholera and 'gastro-enteritis' in the metropolitan city of Bangalore.

Measurement of Poverty and Undernutrition

biased), two sets of estimates have been computed separately using gross capital formation as well as net capital formation, THE RESULTS The various combinations of functional forms with different gestation lags, with and without stable regression co-efficients tor each sector were tried. The estimated regression equations of a specification of investment given by equation (7), worked out using gross capital formation as function of gross value added at 1970-71 prices with appropriate gestation lags are given in Table 3. For agriculture sector an appropriate variable was used to adjust the effect of fluctuations due to weather etc. The regression fit is not insignificant for most of the sectors, viz, agriculture, forestry, fishing, manufacturing, mining and quarrying, electricity, etc, other transports, communication, trade, etc, banking and insurance, real estates, etc and public administration, etc.

Treating the Symptoms

Treating the Symptoms D Banerji Health for All: An Alternative Strategy, Report of a Study Group of the Indian Council of Social Science Research and the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, August 1980.

A Manipulated Programme

D Banerji AN account of India's family planning programme provides frightening examples of the ways the family planning policies, plans and programmes have been manipulated, distorted and even fabricated to sub-serve certain interests within the country and abroad. The bogey of population explosion could be used as a convenient smokescreen to cover up the failures of the political leadership to keep its promises of bringing about changes in social and economic fields.

What Next in Family Welfare

What Next in Family Welfare? D Banerji THE mass sterilisation drive during Emergency, when a reign of terror was let loose on the poor, had been a most outrageous chapter in the history of India. Even more outrageous was the response to this move from the educated class/and other shapers of public opinion. Very few of them felt exercised enough at the outrage to express their dissent even to the extent that was allowed by the rules, regulations and laws prevailing during Emergency. Many of them enthusiastically supported the move and still larger segment of this class, while expressing a tinge of regret that so much of force had to be resorted to, actively justified such an action on the ground that tinder the circumstances this was the only way of dealing with an explosive problem which was threatening the very life of the nation. Then there were the rest, constituting the huge 'silent majority', who did not even bother to find out what was going on in the country and were content with whatever was dished out to them through the controlled press, the radio and other communication media.

CAPITAL VIEW

The concept of health planning has become grossly distorted over successive five year plans; the Draft Five Year Plan, 1978-83, is no exception.

Class View of Health and Disease

Class View of Health and Disease The Picture of Health: Environmental Sources of Disease by Erik P Eckholm; W W Norton, New York, THIS book deserves special attention. Following the traditions of members of the Club of Rome and the Trilateral trously shies away from discussing the political, economic and social forces which are directly generating major Commission who have written about environmental hazards to health in some of the crucial global problems, the different parts of the world. Because author, Erik P Eckholm, sets out to of this feature, the book in fact ham- aualyse the environmental sources of pers the study of environmental hazards, disease on a global scale. Erik Eckparticularly by scholars in the Third holm is a scholar from the Worldwatch World. This book is thus an important Institute of USA. The United Nations addition to the formidable array of Environment Programme has dutifully books that are now being used to extended its full support (including the browbeat or brainwash scholars in the of the financial support) and co- operation to the Institute in this venture and its Executive Director, Mustafa K Tolba, has written the foreword. As pointed out by the author.

Political Dimensions of Health and Health Services

Services D Banerji Political forces play a dominant role in the shaping of health services of a community, in to its being used as an instrument for alleviation of the suffering that is caused by diseases in individuals and in communities, health services have also been used as a political device to increase dependence for exploitation of one class by another and to promote certain vested market interests.

Community Response to the Intensified Family Planning Programme

Family Planning Programme D Banerji The objective of the National Population Policy was to build up a mass movement throughout the country in favour of the small family norm. The findings of this study clearly indicate that these objectives have not been achieved. In fact, at many places resort to force to impose sterilisation has precipitated quite the contrary condition

Health Services and Population Policies

D Banerji The newly enunciated National Population Policy is a major deviation from the earlier policy of having a package of mealth, nutrition and family planning services as a part of the Minimum Needs Programme.

Will Forcible Sterilisation Be Effective

Will Forcible Sterilisation Be Effective? D Banerji In the past the use of coercive methods for attaining certain demographic targets have failed to yield the expected results. It is unfortunate, therefore, that the recently announced national population policy should have attempted to make a case for further escalation of such methods.

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