ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Migration, Transnational Flows, and Development in India

This paper was written as part of the research programme "Provincial Globalisation: The Impact of Reverse Transnational Flows in India's Regional Towns", a collaboration between the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, funded by the WOTRO Science for Global Development programme of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientifi c Research. A longer version has appeared as Provincial Globalisation Working Paper No 4 (Bangalore: NIAS and AISSR, 2012, available at ). The authors acknowledge the contributions of Anant Maringanti to the development of the ideas presented here, and thank the other Provincial Globalisation team members for their inputs and Peggy Levitt and A R Vasavi for their advice. However, they are solely responsible for any errors or lacunae that remain. Carol Upadhya ( ) is with the School of Social Sciences, National Institute of Advanced Studies Bangalore. Mario Rutten ( ) is with the Amsterdam School for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam. The relationship between migration and development is a key area in research and policymaking. The contributions of international migrants to their home countries in the form of remittances, investments, and philanthropic donations are widely regarded as an important development resource. This paper reviews the migration and development debate and the current state of knowledge about flows of migrant resources to India and argues that tracing transnational connections and flows at the regional level will provide a more nuanced understanding of their social and economic implications.

Emergence of New Business Classes

India's New Capitalists: Caste, Business, and Industry in a Modern Nation by Harish Damodaran (Ranikhet: Permanent Black/New India Foundation), 2008;

The Minus Degrees

Degrees without Freedom? Education, Masculinities, and Unemployment in North India by Craig Jeffrey, Patricia Jeffery and Roger Jeffery;

Ethnographies of the Global Information Economy: Research Strategies and Methods

Globalisation and the increasing complexity of the contemporary world have posed serious methodological problems for sociologists and social anthropologists. This paper discusses new approaches, such as "global" and "multi-sited" ethnography that aim to capture these transformations. Drawing examples from a sociological study of the Indian information technology industry and its employees, it describes the research strategies and qualitative methods that were employed and some of the problems encountered. The paper also focuses on research strategies for the study of formal organisations, especially in the corporate world, and questions of reflexivity and research ethics.

Employment, Exclusion and 'Merit' in the Indian IT Industry

The Indian information technology industry is often represented as providing employment opportunities to a wider cross section of society than has been the case with other professional and white collar jobs. However, available data suggest that the social composition of the IT workforce is more homogeneous than is often supposed, in that the workforce is largely urban, middle class, and high/middle caste. The processes of exclusion that operate in the educational system and in recruitment as also the ideology of "merit" in the context of elite opposition to reservation, create this relative social homogeneity in the IT workforce.

Community Rights in Land in Jharkhand

This paper examines the manner in which community land rights, which were recognised in the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act, have been abrogated since independence due to various changes in the law and land revenue system, and the conflicts that have arisen as a result.

A New Transnational Capitalist Class?

The software industry has produced a new kind of transnational capitalist class in India. Most of the founders of software firms have come from the 'middle class', building on their cultural capital of higher education and social capital acquired through professional careers. This class, and the IT industry to which it belongs are also distinguished by their global integration and relative autonomy from the 'old' Indian economy dominated by the public sector and a nationalist capitalist class. The entry of multinationals into the IT industry has produced synergies that have helped it to grow and, for these reasons, the IT business class is also one of the most outspoken votaries of globalisation.

Borrowing for Development

This study of a single World Bank-funded Scheme, the Karnataka State Highways Improvement Project, is not just an evaluation of this project, but a means of discussing the larger issues that arise from this pattern of externally-funded development.

Gender in Feminist Theory

Gender by V Geetha; Theorising Feminism Series, Stree, Kolkata, 2002; pp xvi + 149, Rs 175.

Set This House on Fire

having achieved high levels of telephone density and household penetration, under a regime of low rentals subsidised from long distance charges, are now restructuring their tariffs. Even so, they are maintaining rentals for residential telephones significantly below those for business. They have also developed some fairly com- plex systems of subsidies for their weaker sections and rural areas. TRAI does not propose to adopt even these strategies.


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