ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Lost Nationalism

 IN this slim volume are reproduced three lectures by Nirmal Kumar Bose delivered under the auspices of the A N Sinha Institute of Social Studies, Patna. One of the few surviving Gandhians in the country, Bose feels that if the Gan- dhian ideology had provided solutions to the country's communal and economic problems, the current confusion in national affairs would not have been created. In the introductory chapter, Bose analyses the post-Independence situation which is "the result of each State's dominant interest in promoting the welfare of a limited section of the population and the imperative neglect of the means". He deplores that the most challenging problems of Indian nationalism

Footloose Legislators

The Politics of Defections: A Study of State Politics in India by Subhash C Kashyap; National Publishers, Delhi, 1909 ; pp viii + 442 + Appendices ; Rs 42.50.

Is the New Strategy a Success

Is the New Strategy a Success ? C V H Rao HOW far has the new strategy for increasing agricultural production sue- ceeded? The strategy comprises systematic encouragement of the use of high-yielding varieties of rice and other seeds and extension of the areas under them, concentration on intensive district agricultural development programme or the package approach, development of minor irrigation in areas out of the range of major irrigation projects, introduction of multiple cropping and measures of soil conservation.

Slow Progress of Procurement in Andhra

Slow Progress of Procurement in Andhra C V H Rao THE food policy for 1967-68 provides for a total procurement of 8 million tonnes. Of this, the Andhra Government has accepted responsibility for I million tonnes of rice

Enhancement of Land Tax

C V H Rao In spite of the bitter opposition to the Land Revenue Enhancement Bill, recently adopted by the Andhra Assembly, the Congress is confident that there will be no adverse political or economic repercussions. The average farmer, it feels, is reconciled to the prospect of enhancement of land revenue in the context of the substantial expansion of irrigation facilities in the last few years.

Nagarjunasagar, Still Only a Symbol

 these brigades should not be made a substitute for popular, widely re- presentative committees at the district and taluq level Such committees alone can broadbase the administration, control the bureaucrats, create mass sanctions and eventually prepare to defeat any Central conspiracy.

Overhaul of District Administration in Andhra-Panchayati Raj Downgraded

Panchayati Raj Downgraded? C V H Rao THE ANDHRA GOVERNMENT is considering measures to streamline the administrative machinery at the district and lower levels to speed up agricultural development in particular and economic growth in general. The object is to make the district collector the centre of developmental work in the district and to make him responsible for the formulation of district plans for agricultural and industrial development. The collector is to be invested with the status and powers of a district head of department for agriculture, industries, co-operation, animal husbandry and minor irrigation, and the present departmental heads are to be placed under his supervision and control. The collector will be chairman of the District Development Board, the only other member of which will be the chairman of the zilla parishad. The zilla parishad secretary is to be secretary of the Board. As development programmes will occupy most of the collector's time, he will be assisted by a senior IAS officer in revenue administration and in [his responsibilities in civil supplies. At the same time, a State Development Board is to be constituted, with the Chief Secretary as its chairman and all heads of economic departments and secretaries to Government as members. The Board will receive regular reports about the progress of district development schemes and issue directions to the collectors and the District Development Boards, More Powers for Collector The Government has taken care to explain that the changes in the administrative structure and in the status of the collector will be limited to development programmes, particularly in agriculture, and that the sphere of the zilla parishads and the panchayat samitis and gram pan- chayats, as defined under the Andhra Pradesh Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Act of 1959 and the Gram Panchayat Act of 1964, will not be affected by the reorganisation. Thus the zilla parishads will continue to have control over secondary education, district roads, coordination of the plans and functions of the panchayat samitis, while the samitis will exercise control over primary education, execution of minor irrigation works up to a specified size, management of primary health centres, social welfare schemes for women, backward classes and scheduled castes, and promotion of rural industries. Schemes under these heads, drawn up by the samitis. will not fall within the purview of the District Development Boards though in the process of implementation they will be co-ordinated with programmes in associated spheres drawn up by the Board. It is in the sphere of execution, therefore, that the single line of command will operate, extending from the collector to the village panchayat through the samiti and the block development officer who is the executive agency at the samiti level. The district plan, incorporating the sectoral plans for agriculture, industries, co-operative credit, utilisation of the irrigation facilities and securing supplies of fertiliser, seeds and other services for the farmers, and the plans drawn up by the samitis for subjects under their jurisdiction, will be placed for approval before the zilla parishad and finalised only after such approval has been secured.

Andhra's Unsound Finances

The Brahmananda Reddi Ministry in Andhra Pradesh is settling down to business; but it will have to move warily. It has to be careful lest the dissident group in the Congress party — claiming to have the support of 50 of the 165 Congress members in the legislature — its pride wounded by the rejection of its claim for psychological representation in the Ministry should at a psychological moment turn against it. It has also to worry about the disconcerting financial situation facing the State.

Congress Victory in Andhra Assured

January 7, 1967 the privileges of the legislatures could perhaps be defined in terms of Article 194(3) of the Constitution. The Speakers of the different legislatures recommended such a step at their annual conference but the Government has repeatedly postponed action on the subject. Even when action is taken on these lines, one cannot foresee an end to the conflicts in the absence of a spirit of mutual respect and accommodation among the three organs. In this connection the observations of Mr Justice A K Sarkar of the Supreme Court on the UP case are relevant. Tracing the background of the conflict between the judiciary and the legislatures, he said: "I regret that instead of showing that restraint which the occasion called for... a precipitate action was taken. The result of the order of the judges was to interfere with the perfectly legitimate action of the Assembly in a case where interference was not WITH THE virtual completion of the election of candidates by the different parties, the electoral battle is all set to begin in Andhra. The first shot on behalf of the Congress was fired by Indira Gandhi on January 3 at Hyderabad. The other parties began their campaigns almost simultaneously in other places. The electoral scene is confuted because while the many opposition parties are anxious to dislodge the Congress, their competence to do so is compromised by the incredible divisions among them.

The Fifth Steel Plant Andhra s Case

C V H Rao IT MAY BE a distressing symptom of the prevailing unrest in the country on diverse issues, that the location of a fifth steel plant has also been made a serious cause for widespread public agitation. It is however, also a symptom of the weaknesses that currently characterise official actions, at the Central Government level, that the decision on the steel plant, which was to have been arrived at some months back, in fact along with the formulation of the fourth Plan, has been continuously delayed and postponed.

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