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C S LakshmiSubscribe to C S Lakshmi

Up the Drumstick Tree

individuals. Indeed, traditional institutions such as caste and religion provided to the entrepreneur much- needed social and economic support to wade through the risks involved in the new business. This is clear from the fact that a large proportion of industrial entrepreneurs who plunged into the new venture without concrete support from caste or professional groups suffered partial or total failures in relatively short periods. This conclusion raises the questions: What is the rela- EVERY time Vikramaditya, the travelling king, uttered the correct answer, the ghost again climbed up the drumstick tree telling him one more story with a riddle and threatening that it be did not reply his head would burst into a thousand pieces. It is an irretrievable situation. Foreign anthropologists are doing something similar with studies on women here. Their studies on symbols and myths emphasise the fact that in suppression lies power and in freedom lies powerlessness. To suffer one needs the power to suffer and to have power one needs to suffer. There is no way out. The ghost goes up the drumstick tree for another leisurely story.

NIPANI- Tobacco Growers One-Point Programme

 of basic needs; systematically disseminate inter-state information on lessons to be drawn from successes and failures; involve universities and autonomous institutions in state-level planning; standardise data requirements for monitoring; carry out ex-post evaluations; and so on. None of this can be reason- ably characterised as an incursion into autonomy.

MAHARASHTRA-Warlis and Forest Land Issue

Warlis and Forest Land Issue C S Lakshmi AN imaginative school-teacher, while teaching her class about Red Indians once, decided to divide the class into 'Red Indians' and 'Americans' to stimulate some interest in the subject. The 'Americans' promised small schools, living, quarters and other facilities and assured that they would bring in 'civilisation' there soon. We cannot give back your land because there are buildings on them now, they said. "Take back your buildings and give us back our land and our buffaloes'' squeaked a tiny 'Red Indian' and the 'Americans' lost the battle! One is reminded of this incident when one talks to the Warlis. "We belong to nature. We live off the forest. We are only asking for what belongs to us", one of them said. While this is irrefutable logic, the Warlis have found out that things don't work that way.

CINEMA-Quiet Take-Over of NFDC

Quiet Take-Over of NFDC C S Lakshmi THE setting up of a Film Corporation as an apex body, as a first step towards evolving a comprehensive film policy, was considered by the government when the Estimates Committee submitted its report to the Fifth Lok Sabha and suggested in one para the evolution of a comprehensive film policy. The proposal as it was worked out initially, conceived the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) as a body that would serve the needs of the film industry dealing with the import and export of films, their distribution and exhibition in India and abroad, promotion of quality films, import and allocation of cine film and other film materials and import of accessories and equipment required by the film industry. It was clear at that time that the NFDC, while it would serve the needs of the film industry, will not be "directly concerned with improving the industry". There was no doubt about the fact that the function of promoting quality films was one limited to "cleaning up of films" as far as the NFDC itself was concerned. As the government was not entering the field of production of films, the job of really improving the industry by producing quality films was considered to be the task of the Film Finance Corporation (FFC). The identity of the FFC was to be kept separate as a subsidiary body and not merged with the NFDC, Although the NFDC was formally incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 on May 1, 1975, with one or two additional functions (like construction of a national theatre chain and promotion of research and development in film equipment and raw stock) with a share capital of Rs 3 crores, it was not activised. One of the reasons for this was the vigorous opposition from the trade section of the film industry which comprised established commercial producers, distributors, 'exhibiters, financiers, studio and laboratory owners and exporters. The other reason was that doubts had already crept in about how 'comprehensive' it was going to be. While Indian Motion Picture Export Corporation (IMPEC) was to be merged with it, the role of FFC was still being discussed. At a point it was felt that after the NFDC came into being, the role of FFC would be reviewed in the overall pattern and function of the NFDC and that policy decisions will be taken accordingly. But no final decision was taken regarding the NFDC itself as a body even until the beginning of 1976, mainly because its functions and their impact on the film industry were not yet very clear.

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