ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Steel Frame of Obsequiousness

BRADFORD has engaged the ICS in a strip-tease. A formidable achievement, no doubt; considering that few contemporary myths have found securer lodgement in human gullibility than the one relating to the Steel Frame. To talk of integrity and efficiency in connection with the ICS has for long been considered tautological. Surviving the Raj, the myth has been transmitted to the unlettered millions in the successor nation-states through oral local history. ssessing the intelligentsia also, it has wormed its way into learned treatises on the subject, Post-1947 continuation of the myth has, among other causes, much to do with the contrast between the experienced present and the remembered past.

As the Viceroy Saw It

As the Viceroy Saw It c s THE continuing stream of volumes of personal, party, and government documents coming out from Britain, India and Pakistan is reflective of the stake that is currently being felt in the course of South Asian historiography. Equally reflective is the committed nature of these publications. The researcher of the area is promised a flood of material moving in multiple crosscurrents. He might ride high over these or get swayed by a particular current. Both the promise and the risk are real and large.

Indian Council of Historical Research Autonomy or Dissolution

Indian Council of Historical Research: Autonomy or Dissolution? c s IT' is significant that the. current debate regarding the state of Indian history should have begun soon after the change of masters in New Delhi, It reveals, inter alia, that even within the motley, combine that rules the country there are elements that appreciate the efficacy of history as an instrument of socialisation and hope to use it to further their own interests and ideology.

National Movement New Light on a Landmark

between taxable units only. It would be Interesting for an accountant to prepare the type of return needed from a firm bo satisfy the requirements of the taxing authority according to schedules A and B, and discuss the sins of commission and omission it could give rise to. This is, however, a time-consuming exercise and we must rest content with pointing out a few loopholes. The broad type of business may not be difficult to ascertain, but business expenditure can easily lend itself to mis- classifications if sharp tax differentials are laid down. The lines between basic wages and salaries on the one hand and non-basic rewards, between essential and essential amenities, between organising unproductive, speculative or gambling activities, etc, and otherwise, and between price rises due to cost increases and tax rises are not very clear- t and become more obscure as tax fates become heavier. It is basic to Mathur's scheme that these lines are sharply drawn.

New Garb of Imperialistic Historiography

New Garb of Imperialistic Historiography c s Locality, Province and Nation : Essays on Indian Politics, 1870 to 1940 (cd) lohn Gallagher, Gordon Johnson and Anil Seal; Cambridge University

Gandhi's Politics

RAVINDER KUMAR is one of those few Indian historians who are acutely aware of the many yawning gaps in the study of modern Indian history. These relate to areas of enquiry as well as to methods of investigation. This is undoubtedly a stupendous task, and in the existing state of our historiography it is no mean achievement to he able to diagnose some significant lacunae. And this is the least that one can say about the essays edited by Kumar tu order to get some insight into the first major agitation led by Mahatma Gandhi. This is a crucial phase for understanding an important shift in modern Indian politics. The Rowlatt Satyagraha was the first countrywide anti-British agitation which facilitated the trans- formal ion of Indian nationalism from a movement of classes to one of masses. It also ensured Gandhi's emergence as a dominant political figure, a fact which was to have a variety of effects on subsequent national development. But these were consequences which maybe even Gandhi had not visualised while issuing the call for agitation. Convinced of the righteousness of his cause, but unsure of the response to his call, Gandhi was really acting on faith rather than on calculation. He was at the time virtually a lone, though widely admired and respected, individual unbacked by any political organisation or group interest. If anything, there was a good deal of cynicism in the contemporary political circles regarding the efficacy of his methods in India.

Economic Issues in the General Election

c s Whether or not economic issues determine the outcome of the Fourth General Election, they will have a profound impact on the course of events during the next five years and may even determine whether in this, democracy there will be a fifth election at all Taking the election manifestos of the major opposition parties, broadly speaking, it appears that there will be greater pressure on the Congress to shift its economic programme to the Right than to the Left THE ECONOMIC PROGRAMMES of political parties often get lost in the heated pre-election political debate. This is partly because the opposition parties make extravagant promises which the educated electorate knows cannot be implemented. But when an opposition party stands even a plausible chance of winning an election, as the Left-CPI-led United Front does now in Kerala, its economic programme deserves close scrutiny. The economic formulations of other opposition parties, too, should not be ignored because, in a democracy, the opposition is able, through the art of persuasion and through legitimate mass action, to influence, and even alter, the policies and programmes of the party in power. In fact, this happened in India in an ample measure between

End of an Era of Understanding

c s India faces the fourth general election with a long period of basic understanding on economic and social policies between the ruling party and the Left Opposition finally broken.
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