ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Uncertain Election Prospects in Nepal

in Nepal Brahmanand Mishra None of the political parties, not even the well-organised Left, appears to have taken seriously the significant gains for democracy after the overthrow of the party-less Panchayati Raj a year ago.

Nepal s New Constitution One Step Forward

The new constitution restores a multiparty system in the country curtailing the king's powers, but not doing away with them entirely. ON November 9 Nepal said goodbye to the partyless panchayat system when amidst a grand ceremony held in the Gorakha Baithak of Narayanhiti Raj- durbar, attended by select gathering of cabinet ministers and high officials, King Birendra formally promulgated the long- awaited new democratic constitution of Nepal, abrogating the old panchayati constitution. In a brief speech on the occasion King Birendra said the tradition of acting in accordance with the popular will enabled the "historic concert between king and people which ushered in democracy in our country in 1951". All political changes since then have been brought about with the participation of the people and as desired by them. "It is the individual whom democracy seeks to serve", the king observed. The new constitution, he said, emphasises individual freedom and human rights ensuring a rightful role for every individual "In the belief that the proposed constitution will help to forge the people in a bond of unity and advance the cause of multiparty democracy in a constitutional monarchy, we have, on the advice of the council of ministers, promulgated the constitution of Nepal 1990, with immediate effect. We have at the same time abrogated the constitution of Nepal 1962." In the new constitution which was enacted today in keeping with the desire of the Nepalese people expressed through the recent people's movement to bring about ' constitutional change of the Sovereignty of Nepal", "a multicaste, multilingual, democratic independent, indivisible, sovereign Hindu and constitutional monarchical kingdom", is "vested in the Nepalese people".

Royal Whims vs Peoples Rights

in broad terms. The prescribed form of application requires details regarding (I) the object of the issue; (2) whether industrial licence is required and obtained; (3) (a) Total cost of each project according to the location of the factory and its break-up under major heads

Imminent Constitutional Changes in Nepal

in Nepal A FOURTH amendment in the Nepalese constitution is being seriously considered, it is reliably learnt. According to well informed sources, Nayan Bahdur Khetri, a former chief justice and currently Nepal's ambassador to China has been asked to chair the drafting committee. Khetri is already in Kathmandu to initiate the process. Prior to the formation of the drafting committee a team consisting of the Rashtriya Panchayat chairman Navaraj Subedi and Nepal's tourism minister Mahammad Mohasin, was sent to Nebraska to study the functioning of the partyless system. The team is already back to Kathmandu and is believed to have submitted its recommendations before King Birendra's retreat to Chitaun for a week. Though the contents of team's findings and recommendations have not been made public political observers believe Kathmandu may be in tor some fun damental and far-reaching changes in the Nepalese constitution. They do not rule out some restrictions to curb the unruly dissidents within the partyless panchayat as well as some concession to the democrats eager to join the mainstream.

NEPAL- The Teng Visit

February 25, I978 NEPAL The Teng Visit Brahmanand Mishra TENG HSIAO-PING'S recent four-day visit to Nepal has underlined the continued interest that China has in the region. The visit and Teng's observations in its course also fitted well with King Birendra's assertion that Nepal is not merely a part of the South Asian sub-continent but a part of Asia which touches both India and China.

NEPAL-Prelude to the Desai Visit

December 10, 1977 people had now to rebuild the country on a totally new basis, and there was no reason why the Catholics should not collaborate in this work. Enormous efforts had to be made on every plane

NEPAL-Groping towards Liberalisation

of the Thieu Government. So my question was: what had become of them in the new set-up? I met practically all of them again. The lawyer Tran Ngoc Lieng, one of the leaders of the non-Communist opposition, several times imprisoned, is today a member of the Patriotic- Front a political organ of co-ordination in Ho Chi Minh City. He is very busy adapting the Legal System to the new circumstances. Ly Chanh Trung, a Professor in the Institute of Philosophy, and one of my old classmates at the Catholic University of Louvain, is at present Vice-President of the Association of Intellectuals and a member of the National Assembly. Truong Ba Can, chaplain of the YCW, who played an important part in the opposition, is also a member of the Patriotic Front, and is responsible for the organisation of handicrafts in the South.

NEPAL-Homecoming for Exiles

December 10 (the day of the award- giving ceremonies) saw massive protests in which five thousand demonstrators took part in spite of wet weather and zero temperature, shouting, 'Friedman Murderer' and 'No Money to the Servant of the Junta'. Christmas shoppers joined in chorus since

NEPAL- Of Trade and Transit

August 21, 1976 in Gujarat, were, related by Indira Rothermund, speaking for the Indian side of the team. From the comments of subsequent speakers, each one drawing upon his or her own field experience, it became increasingly clear that collaboration in research between foreigners and their South Asian colleagues involves very delicate adjustments on both sides. The main element leading to friction appears to be the financial one. The fact that the foreigners are putting up the funds for the research gives them in effect the right to dictate the aims and methods. It is "their" project. A further cause for resentment is the common practice of paying Indian collaborators at a lower rate and providing them with fewer fringe benefits such as housing and transport. There is also the underlying issue as to who is studying whose ty and why. Pratima Bowes (Sussex a professional philosopher, suggested that equality of status would be achieved only when South Asian research teams began to undertake ethnological investigations in Europe.

NEPAL-Who Armed the Khampas

THE Nepalese police were ordered on August 1 to proceed to Khampa camps in the northern border district of Mustang to "launch a vigorous search for arms, ammunition and communications equipment and seize them if found'.. In a tersely worded press announcement the Nepalese Home Minister warned that if anybody in the camps made any attempt to obstruct, impede or hamper this operation the police would deal with them. There have been some indications that for some time China has been quietly persuading Nepal to disarm the Khampa tribesmen from Tibet who had taken refuge in Mustang district and had in the past waged guerilla war against the Chinese in Tibet.

Nagaland Chief Minister s Quest for Peace

 Biswadev Sarma, a ex-Minister and a Congress high-up. They held an open convention at Nowgong a month ago and for this they were able to obtain messages from Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Union Food Minister, and Moinul Haque Chaudhury, former Central Minister, The situation faced by S C Sinha is similar to that faced in 1970 and 1971 by the-then chief minister, M M Chaudhury, now Governor of Punjab. Sinha has the support of the Assembly Congress party but cracks have appeared in the party organisation. Many of his old comrades are dissatisfied with the way the government is functioning. There are many failures to which they can point. Food is one. The 'garibi hatao' programme is another. And, above all, there is the students' agitation.

Interview with the Dalai Lama

was given permission to drop dissident leader Salig Rain from the state ministry. Parmar had insisted on this in the name of ministerial harmony. But soon afterwards, Indira Gandhi provided unmistakable indications of her disapproval of his move to involve her in the controversy. The first step taken by the Council Parliamentary Board towards the political rehabilitation of Salig Ram was to entrust him with the important task of supervising the Congress election campaign in some parts of UP. Parmar's discomfiture knew no bounds wheal, on March 13, Salig Ram was accorded an enthusiastic welcome at a largely attended Simla reception organised by the City Congress Committee. It turned out to be a show of strength between the rival factions. Parmar's old rivals, notably former Home Minister Padam Dev, played a leading rule at the function. Ministers and other pro-Parmar legislators boycotted the reception.
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