ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Pather A Symbol of Anti-Liquor Movement

Movement PATHER village of Saharanpur district has emerged as a major symbol of the anti- liquor movement in western Uttar Pradesh, For nearly three months the people of this village, assisted by a voluntary organisation Disha, carried out a grim struggle for the removal of the liquor vend from the village. Nearly 50 persons of this and sur- rounding villages, including particularly the women activists of Disha, were injured in the police repression unleashed on the movement. Such was the moral force behind the movement that despite this repression the movement continued till the government finally agreed to remove the liquor vend.

Unemployed Workers Struggle-A Report from Chhattisgarh

the report observes, "Police officers and men. particularly at the junior level, appeared to have an in-built bias against Muslims which was evident in their treatment of the suspected Muslims and Muslim victims of riots. The treatment given was harsh and brutal and, on occasions, bordering on inhuman, hardly doing credit to the police. The bias of policemen was seen in the active con- nivance of police constables with the rioting Hindu mobs on occasions with their adopting the role of passive onlookers on occasions, and finally, in their lack of enthusiasm in registering offences against Hindus even when the accused were clearly identified..." As for the January 1993 phase of rioting, the commission's view is that large-scale rioting and violence was commenced from January 6, 1993 by the Hindus and was brought to fever pitch by communally inciting propaganda unleashed by Hindu communal organisations and writings in newspapers like Saamna and Navakal. It was taken over by Shiv Sena and its leaders who continued to whip up communal frenzy by their statements and acts, and writings and directives issued by the Shiv Sena pramukh Bal Thackeray, Srikrishna also refers to the interview given by Shiv Sena supremo to The Time magazine propounding the doctrine of 'retaliation', Srikrishna also observes that the doctrine of 'retaliation' as expounded by Madhukar Sarpotdar and Manohar Joshi (now chief minister of Maharashtra), together with the thinking of Shiv Sainiks that Shiv Sena's terror was the true guarantee of the safety of citizens, was responsible for vigilantism of Shiv Sainiks. Because some criminal Muslims killed innocent Hindus in one corner of the city, the Shiv Sainiks 'retaliated' against several innocent Muslims in other corners of the city, the judge observes.

Relations of Dominance

Bharat Dogra IF only one cause has to be singled out for the prevalence of large-scale distress in the world, then this is likely to be the persistence of relations of dominance. It has been a very widespread and enduring practice of human beings to try to dominate others, to get personal benefit at the cost of others, to try to get ahead of others, to impose their own viewpoint, This tendency may be rooted in greed (the urge to get more than others, regardless of one's needs) or in ego (the urge to impose one's own thinking and view points, without giving a patient and fair hearing to the other viewpoint), but its impact is always harmful This tendency can be seen in the relationships of individuals, groups and entire nations.

Burden of Dowry System

link between a black law and increase in lawlessness. It is clear that at every step the executive has tried to enlarge its area of authority at the expense of the people. Whatever system of institutional checks and balances that once existed has eroded over the years. For such a vast multi-national country, democratic governance alone can provide people access ON August 5, 1995 three sisters living in Kanpur 24-year-old Neelam, 22-year-old Binaand 18-year-old Arti tried to commit suicide. All of them were rushed to hospital where two of them were declared dead. These three sisters were the daughters of a widow Vidyawati and had an only brother Anant who worked as a peon in the education department. Both the mother and son had been desperately trying to arrange the marriage of the eldest girl in the family. At one place there was a good deal of hope but the negotiations had been broken when the demand for dowry was found to be beyond the capacity of this family. This had apparently set the three girls thinking about how their brother would be able to arrange their marriages. It is an indication of (he burden of the dowry system on our society that the only solution that occurred to them in their desperate state was to take their own life.

Right to Information-Hope and Despair

While people's right to information from the state in several areas of public life is accepted in principle, few states have made any efforts to operationalise the principle.

Protection of Wildlife-Working with People, Not against Them

Working with People, Not against Them Bharat Dogra Interests of human population as well as wild species will be better served if we give up the notion of parks as areas devoid of human intervention. A more rewarding approach would be to involve local people in the protection of biodiversity.

More Floods with Flood Control

Bharat Dogra Due to massive corruption, construction of embankments, instead of controlling floods, has resulted in more intense and destructive floods in east Uttar Pradesh and north Bihar.

Misery amidst Mineral Wealth

Bharat Dogra Rich mineral wealth has become a curse for many third world countries because of the highly exploitative and ruthless interests it attracts at the cost of people and environment.

Land Reforms to Fight Hunger

Bharat Dogra Although there is increasing evidence that a more equitable distribution of farmland actually leads to better productivity, third world countries, including India, have been reluctant to implement rigorous land reforms.

Uttarakhand Pawns in a Chess Game

Bharat Dogra While the BJP is championing the cause of a separate state of Uttarakhand far its own narrow interests and has gained the support of a number of chauvinist regional groups, there is the danger that the real issues of the people of the region may suffer continued neglect QUESTION: Which chief minister of Uttar Pradesh (among all the chief ministers of the post-independence period) has done a great deal of work for the formation of a separate state of Uttarakhand)?

TV and Violence

Bharat Dogra Society should intervene with tougher laws to monitor and control the use and portrayal of violence on television, which many psychologists believe is influencing the behaviour of child-viewers.

Banda Encounter Deaths Continue

has been so explosive. The pre-indepen- dence riots in Kanpur were also triggered by anti-social elements. After all it is an industrial city and every industrial city has its quota of anti-social elements who take refuge in one or the other political parties. Moreover, the BJP has created a communally explosive situation throughout India in general and in UP in particular. It goes without saying that there is plenty of potential for communal mischief.

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