ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Arwal Massacre-Report of People s Tribunal

Report of People's Tribunal Bernard D'Mello The Indian People's Human Rights Tribunal has found, on the basis of evidence tendered before it, that the firing by the police in Arwal in April 1986 amounted to "brutal murder of 21 citizens of this country''. Further, the massacre was the direct consequence of the specific directive issued to the police to treat all agitations by the poor as a 'law and order problem' and to ensure 'more positive and forward policing'.

DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS- Indian People s Human Rights Commission

January 24, 1987 DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS Indian People's Human Rights Commission Bernard D'Mello THE Indian People's Human Rights Commission was formally inaugurated on January 10 at a press conference in New Delhi. The commission consists of concerned citizens like Mrinal Sen (president), A R Desai, Romila Thapar, V M Tarkunde and Bhagwan Das. The commission has set up the Indian People's Human Rights Tribunal which will "investigate and adjudicate upon cases of gross, systematic and significant violation of human rights by the state". The following former judges have agreed to be on the tribunal

Choosing Technology

preconditions that it virtually amounted to a rejection of the strike weapon altogether, Co-operation between workers and capitalists remained a major plant in his policy. While workers should organise themselves and build their own strength, the Congress should try to protect the interests of both the workers and the property owning classes.

STEEL-South Korea Pointers to a New International Division of Labour

STEEL South Korea: Pointers to a New International Division of Labour Bernard D'Mello FOR quite sometime now, the attention of development economists has been turned to the structural transformation of the South Korean economy and its possible lessons for other third world economies. In an earlier period, 1968-74, Brazilian industrial development was held up as a model worthy of emulation by other third world countries. More recently, sled technologists, bureaucrats and politicians in the Department of Steel have begun focusing their attention on the South Korean steel industry. And now, a three-person delegation headed by the steel secretary, R P Khosla, has visited South Korea's Pohang Iron and Steel Company to determine how this government-owned firm has been able to build a surplus of US $1.0 billion by 1983 which is presently being used to finance its new steel plant at Kwangyang.

STEEL- Jettisoning Indigenous Technology

February 23, 1985 tion of railway workers. The All-India Carriage and Wagon Staff Council represents them but it is doubtful that it has been able to address itself adequately to the needs of 1,60,000 carriagemen working in different divisions. Carriagemen maintain engines and coaches, do all the fitting jobs and minor repairing. They are often suspended summarily for accidents caused by the mechanical failure of engines. It may even happen that an accident in Kanpur gives an opportunity for officers of Eastern Railways to suspend and subsequently retrench two or three carriagemen at the Tikiapara Car- Shed near Howrah. According to the workers of the Tikiapara Shed, they are forced to declare engines fit for running even when they require attention for many more hours. In 1981 alone, for various reasons including a few accidents, 60 workers were sacked by the Eastern Railway management. Workers are victimised for trade union activities. Work- to-rule invariably results in break-in- service. For their participation in work- to-rule agitations at different places, no less than 5,000 carriagemen in Eastern Railways have lost continuity of service. While work-load in every car-shed has been rising with more and more engines going out of order, the strength of carriagemen has been declining. At the Tikiapara Shed, one of the biggest in eastern India, the work-force has been reduced by 800 to 1,700 within a short period. A reduced work-force at such a vital place means poor maintenance which in turn causes more accidents. Stagnation is also a serious problem for the carriagemen. As things are, most of them will have to retire without being upgraded. On the other hand, the inspectors supervising them get promotions quickly and a situation is emerging in which there is an increasing numbers of supervisors to police a decimated work-force in the car-sheds.


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