ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Ethnic Challenge to Nation States

Ethnic Challenge to Nation States Balraj Puri Ethnicity and Nation-Building in South Asia by Urmila Phadnis; Sage Publications, New Delhi; pp 328, Rs 225.

Politics of Ethnic and Communal Identities

A better understanding of the realities and complexities of the Indian heritage should help the country's intellectual and political leadership to outgrow its obsession with the Eurocentric concept of nationalism that can ensure neither the unity of the nation nor its adequate material and spiritual growth.

Kashmiri Muslims, Islam and Kashmiri Tradition

Kashmiri Muslims, who constitute 95 per cent of the population of the valley; have always reconciled cosmopolitan Islamic affiliations with territorial patriotism because Islam in Kashmir is rooted in the Kashmiri tradition and the Kashmiri tradition is permeated with Islam. The Kashmiri Muslim remains a Kashmiri as well as a Muslim and rarely suffers from the schizophrenic pangs which Islamic links and local patriotism often create among Muslims elsewhere in the sub-continent.

The Challenge of Kashmir

The Challenge of Kashmir Balraj Puri The Indian state is perhaps powerful enough to meet the challenge of Kashmiri secessionists and also to strike a crushing blow to Pakistan if that country embarks on another armed intervention in their support. But would the moral and political health of the nation remain intact if a part of it remains alienated, humiliated and subjugated?

Can Caste, Region and Ideology Stem Hindu Wave

five years will now be halted and reversed. It will not do for the National Front government to search for legalistic devices to revive development planning in a socially meaningful and productive frame. The Mahalanobis model is still va|id for India. The draft Five-Year Plan, 1978-83, which never got a chance to be implemented, with its emphasis on removal of unemployment as the first priority still provides significant insights and policy guidelines for fashioning a new Eighth Plan. The National Front government will be well advised, if it is to fulfil the commitment to the right of people to gainful work, to go back to the original concept and purpose of development planning and update the planning process on the right lines. It may not be amiss in this context to refer to a sound principle that must THE major issues that figured in the elections to the ninth Lok Sabha and influenced the voting behaviour of the Indian electorate may roughly be summed up as (a) concern for stability and integrity of the country; (b) consciousness of community, caste and ethnic identities; (c) recentment against corruption, scandals and (d) urge for socio-economic equality. However, the election results show that Hindutva, Hindu consciousness, Hindu backlash, anti- minorityism, or whatever other name you might give to the phenomenon, has emerged as the most significant new force in the politics of India. The BJP, aided by its allied organisations like the RSS, the VHP and the Shiv Sena, modified part of its stance to represent the emerging force.

Perils of Rewriting Islamic History

relative importance could vary from situation to situation. For example, while drainage could be important in some areas, weed and pest control could be more important in others. Extension agencies have to be sensitive to such options instead of emphasising all components everywhere as an inflexible package. Mruthyunjaya's paper brings out the economic viability of different sectors

Rajiv-Farooq Accord What Went Wrong

Rajiv-Farooq Accord: What Went Wrong? Balraj Puri THE current situation in Kashmir, which is a culmination of a definite political trend since Farooq Abdullah resumed power in the state in November 1986 following what was called Rajiv-Farooq accord, does no, leave any room for doubt that the avowed objective of the accord of fighting anti-national and communal forces has not been achieved. In fact the situation is a logical consequence of the accord.

J and K Panchayati Raj Bill-A Critique

political Weekly July 15. 1989 J and K Panchayati Raj Bill A Critique Balraj Puri The Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Bill passed by the state legislature not only falls considerably short of the measure of devolution that is proposed under the 64th Amendment of the Constitution for the rest of the country the process of devolution is matched by extension of bureaucratic authority at every level. Lack of trust in the people is the only plausible explanation for the type of law the state has passed.

Who Fathered Political Awakening in Kashmir

measured generally by the enrolment figures (arc the students outputs or inputs in the educational process?), but these figures are often woefully deceptive. Examination performance becomes a meaningless indicator when there arc sharp inter-institutional disparities in standards and when, in general the average standards are going down over time. But still, limited-area studies should- at least be possible both in the field of education and in that of health services. Levitt and Joyce's book deserves cartful attention from our policy-inakers, but how many among them have ever jipard of 'Pareto-efficiency'? Perhaps it is more practical to speak in terms of costs and bene fits, without being too particular about the conceptual and other difficulties inherent "m this also.

Agony of Punjab

some of the countries of the region, and influences the girl child's social value resulting in a higher level of malnutrition and mortality among the females. Besides there are certain cultural beliefs and intra- family food distribution patterns, that adversely influence the young girls' and women's health and in turn that of the coming generation. Low birth weight, one of the major factors contributing to infant mortality and malnutrition, which again has its origin in the poor health and nutrition of the mother and the hard physical work she does right through pregnancy, does not get a mention. Indeed the heavy load of a woman's work has an adverse effect not only on her nutrition but the time she has THE Punjab problem defies a solution principally because it defies a diagnosis.

Communalism and Regionalism

Communalism and Regionalism National interest must certainly be paramount, but a concept of nationalism as a remote mythical entity entrusted with the job of curbing and disciplining sub-national, including minority community, urges would invariably lead to tensions. On the other hand, a symbiotical, and not dichotomous, relation between national and sub-national identities is closer to reality and a surer basis for a harmonious growth of nationalism and its constituent parts.

Fundamentalism in Kashmir, Fragmentation in Jammu

Fundamentalism in Kashmir, Fragmentation in Jammu IT is a measure of cither ignorance or hypocrisy on the part of the national political leadership and the national media that they have hailed the results of the elections to the Jammu and Kashmir assembly as a triumph of secularism and rout of fundamentalism. On the contrary, the election results reflect a phenomenal increase in the strength of fundamentalist forces in the Kashmir valley. The Jamaat-e-Islami, which proudly displays its fundamentalist label, along with its allies, mustered around 32 per cent of the valid votes polled in the valley in these elections against its tally of 6.42 per cent in 1983. The share of votes of the Congress-National Conference (NP) alliance which claims to represent the consolidation of secular forces in the valley dropped from 78.43 per cent to around 53 per cent between the two elections.

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