ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Jammu and Kashmir : How Government Scuttled Regional Autonomy

The author prepared a draft for regional autonomy within the state of Jammu and Kashmir which would offer equitable share in political power and financial allocations of all the people of the state. The report that the government has instead tabled would divide the state on religious lines and leave the newly created districts powerless visa- vis the state government.

Kashmir Problem Thrives on Denial of Human and Democratic Rights

Looking back objectively, one can trace the beginning of the Kashmir problem and its aggravation to the denial to the people of the state of civil liberties, of democratic and human rights including the right to freedom of speech, of the right to protest and form an opposition party, of the right to vote and to elect a government of their choice.

A Post-Pokhran Policy for Kashmir

An internal debate among the different ethnic and religious communities of Jammu and Kashmir on their status within the state and on the state's external ties must constitute the core of a post- Pokhran Indian policy on Kashmir It is unnecessary to assume that the outcome of such a political process would necessarily go against India. For, any understanding among the various identities within Jammu and Kashmir can be built only on the basis of a democratic and federal set-up which is closer to the Indian polity, with all its faults and shortcomings.

Dimensions of Federalism

"ectors, not just land reforms or other asset redistribution. For instance, how about persuading borrowers to adhere to the code of repayment a necessary condition for the institution of credit? Or. students to respect the assessment of their capability made by their teachers a necessary condition for the institution of education? And as for the rich, their acquisitiveness can be a basis of development, if only the requisite economic policies are pursued and allowed to be pursued by those who cannot escape the stereotypes of a bygone era! For the purpose of the discussion in his chapter. Patnaik defines Left in a loose sense to mean "a position that understood the necessity of redistributing assets and incomes "ETHNIC conflict has been a persistent feature of modernity.'' In the last few years, "there has been an ethnic explosion world over". But ethnic movements cannot be suppressed. Suppression "has often proved counterproductive''. Nor can the problem or satisfying ethnic aspirations "be solved either through assimilation or by granting them independence". Hence "federalism is [the only] technique of integration''.

Indo-Pakistan Relations-Time for a Breakthrough

Both India and Pakistan have spent most of their diplomatic energy on dealing with bilateral relations and in competing for influence and friendship in international arena by scoring points off each other on contentious issues. It is time that the relations between the two nations be put on a more even keel.

Azad and Iqbal A Comparative Study

Azad and Iqbal: A Comparative Study Balraj Puri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Mohammad Iqbal, the two greatest Islamic thinkers of this century in this subcontinent, espoused radically different ideas about the role of Islam in the subcontinent After partition, the new states of India and Pakistan appropriated each almost exclusively, and it is only recently that these scholarly monopolies are breaking down and original studies of Iqbal are being done in India. A comparison of the two thinkers.

Post-Militancy Scenario in Kashmir

Post-Militancy Scenario in Kashmir Balraj Puri There is a school of thought in India which will welcome it if the Pakistan-based militants in Kashmir continue their operations, for then the military aspect of the Kashmir problem will completely overshadow the political and moral aspects. The weakening of the Kashmir-based militant movement is encouraging this school to argue against any political measures to reduce the alienation of the people and in favour of further repression to force the people into total surrender. But the dividing line between demoralisation and desperation is a thin one and will it be in the interests of India to push the Kashmiri people over it?

A Fuller View of the Emergency

As the Congress(I), the perpetrator of the Emergency, appears to be heading for its final end and as the victims of the Emergency are in ascendance, this is an occasion for going beyond condemnation and instead attempt a more dispassionate understanding of the phenomenon and its place in the evolution of the Indian polity.

Indian Muslims since Partition

Indian Muslims since Partition Balraj Puri The demolition of the Babri masjid and its aftermath have aroused genuine sympathy for the Muslims in a sizeable section of enlightened Hindus who have accepted the challenge of the extremists in their community. What the Indian Muslims need, however, is not sympathy but understanding, based on a sociological study of their differentiated and pluralist society. Tracing the vicissitudes of the Muslim psyche and politics since partition, the author argues that such a study is indispensable for evolving an insight into the neglected but vital ethnic dimension of the Muslim urge for self-identity.

Ominous Portends from Jammu

Ominous Portends from Jammu Balraj Puri The unrealised regional aspirations of the people of Jammu have played a significant role in the evolution of the Kashmir problem. And now Jammu's security and identity are being seriously threatened by militancy, communalism and criminalisation.

Religion, Communal Identities and Communal Violence

Religion, Communal Identities and Communal Violence Balraj Puri Communalism and Communal Violence in India by Asghar Ali Engineer; Ajanta Publications, New Delhi, 1989; pp 344, Rs 250.

An Ideological Perspective on Mandal Report

An Ideological Perspective on Mandal Report Balraj Puri GROWING competition in the stagnant job market is an inadequate explanation for the anti-reservation student upsurge that is sweeping across most of towns and cities of the north India. The intensity and magnitude of the agitation and self- righteous and crusading zeal of the participants are no less sustained by theoretical rationalisations and ideological and moral sanctions provided by leading scholars, intellectuals and journalists of the country, obviously belonging to the upper castes. To be sure, these castes have, in the past, provided not only ideas but also leadership to egalitarian and radical movements. Now, too, the intelligentsia supports the anti-reservation stir more out of concern for efficiency of the system and unity of the nation than merely for the jobs for the caste to which it belongs. The concern is not entirely a rationalisation of the caste interest.


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