ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

B Suresh ReddySubscribe to B Suresh Reddy

Dynamics of Soil Fertility Management Practices in Semi-Arid Regions: A Case Study of AP

The overuse of chemical fertilisers in India for nutrient management in farming over the last few decades has led to several problems affecting the health of soil, the environment and farmers themselves. Farmers in semi-arid regions actively manage fertility and other soil properties through a wide range of practices that are based on local resources and knowledge. Empirical data reveals farmers' soil fertility management options are being undermined by government policies that give more priority to chemical fertiliser-based strategies. It is argued that equal importance should be accorded to farmers using organic and farmers using inorganic methods. By doing so, we not only maintain the soil in a healthy condition but also support the livelihoods of millions, especially small and marginal farmers.

Land Alienation and Local Communities

Poorly designed compensation policies, inadequate planning, the entry of land sharks and the weak power of rural communities are resulting in a deterioration of the living conditions of those displaced by land alienation from the fringes of cities. Field surveys on the fringes of Hyderabad-Secunderabad, where a vast number of infrastructure projects, special economic zones and institutions are planned, show the adverse impact of involuntary displacement. A major correction of land acquisition and compensatory policies is called for, lest the simmering resentment expresses itself in open conflict.
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