ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by B L MaheshwariSubscribe to B L Maheshwari

State Level Public Enterprises-Issues of Autonomy and Performance

Issues of Autonomy and Performance B L Maheshwari This paper describes the evolution and nature of state level public enterprises (SLEP) in India and discusses some of the salient issues of strategy, structure arid performance of these enterprises. It seeks to show that the SLEPs are different from the Central public enterprises in terms of their environment, size, strategies, management processes and performance and, therefore, deserve special attention from students of public enterprises. It pointedly draws attention to the paucity of even factual information about the SLEPs and the many glaring contradictions even in official and semi-official accounts regarding such elementary data as the total number of such enterprises in various states.

Future of the Corporation

B L Maheshwari Will the Corporation Survive ? by John L Paluzek;.Restow, Va, 1977; pp 255 THE business corporation, a major American innovation and a powerful instrument of capitalism, has been adopted the world over, in spite of differences of ideologies and societal goals. The big business corporation has always been under attack in the United States, as evidenced by probes and legislation. In recent years, the attack has been multipronged, concerted and severe, so that even the defenders of the citadel have begun to express doubts about the survival of the corporation. The question being asked is: will this form of corporation survive into the next century or will it be relpaced by another institutional forum? The book under review explores this there and thus deals with an issue of vital importance.

MBO in Non-Business Organisations

MANAGEMENT by Objectives has emerged as one of the popular themes and there is a growing literature on the subject. However, until recently, most books on this subject were of "do it yourself' type. John Humble's "Management by Objectives in Action" (1971) represented a departure because it described the practice in several organisations. Then came "Management by Objectives ; Applications and Research*' (1973), by Carrol and Tosi, which represents the first serious attempt at research in the practice of Management by Objectives. The book under review would qualify for membership in the group of the second generation books on Management by Objectives because it contains a record of practice in an area which, for MBO application, still remains a new frontier. It reports on MBO application in Local Government in Britain. In a way, it opens a new area and attempts to reinforce the universal applicability of the concepts and methods of Management by Objectives.

Parliament, the Executive and Public Sector Enterprises

Parliament, the Executive and Public Sector Enterprises B L Maheshwari Politics, Finance and the Role of Economics: An Essay on the Control of Public Enterprises, by C D Foster, London, George Allen and Unwin; p 232.

Management by Objectives Some Implications

B L Maheshwari Over the years, Management by Objectives (MBO) has evolved into a total management approach and become a powerful tool for improving performance. The concept, in fact, is merely a logical extension of the normal management functions of planning, control, and motivation.

Foreign Policy Planning

Foreign Policy Planning B L Maheshwari Foreign Policy and Its Planning by K P Misra;Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1970; pp 88; Rs 15.
THE study of foreign policy is an underdeveloped area in India. Few scholars devote full time to this field and one often finds it difficult to recommend even a couple of good books on Indian foreign policy. Moreover, in spite of our conscious acceptance of the need for planning at the national level, foreign policy planning has been a neglected subject. It is in this context that the attempt of a scholar of K P Misra's standing in analysing the issues, the institutional aspects and the prospects of foreign policy planning becomes a very commendable thing. Mishra begins and ends by stating that foreign policy is much too serious a matter to be left to civil servants and politicians and indicates in the book that the politicians and the civil servants also seem to agree with this view. There seems to be a general agreement on (i) the interrelationship between the domestic political process and foreign policy; (ii) increased scope, complexity and impact of foreign policies in modern times; and hence (iii) the need for planning in foreign policy. The author rightly points out that whereas democratic politics are open politics, the decision making process in foreign policy is often secret. The Pentagon Papers also established this. Misra, however, does not agree with the oft-cited view that the democratic system is not conducive to effective formulation and implementation of foreign policy. He suggests that foreign policy should be studied as an integral part of the overall policy process and methods and approaches developed in the policy science could be applied to it.

Centre-State Relations-Issue Awareness and Party Positions

force and the rural-urban migration patterns; and (iii) any other changes that might effect the demand and sup- ply situations of labour.
Notes 1 Report of the Committee of Experts on Unemployment Estimates, Planning Commission Government of India, New Delhi, 1970.

A Vent, Not a Scheme

A Vent, Not a Scheme B L Maheshwari THE author of the book is an insider with 20 years in business and with many successes to his credit. Townsend knows both the strengths and the weaknesses of organisations though he concentrates on the latter. He says that three common features of organisation men are that they are docile, they are bored, and they are dull. This is an intolerable state of affairs because: "If you're not in business for fun or profit what the hell are you doing here?". The author seems to feel that there is little one can do to make the large and complex organisations more tolerable, more interesting, and more productive, so he advises the organisation men to wage non-violent guerilla warfare within the organisations to subvert them. But he recognises that it will take millions of such subversives to make much difference. Where is he going to find the wanted revolutionaries among the ranks of these docile, bored and dull organisation men?

Authorised Biography

RSS, The organisation of the book closely follows the chronological character of historical narrative and chapters are arranged in such a way as to enhance the effectiveness of the narrative. There is Little new information hut the hook contains lots of details about individuals and events. Those looking for a fine narrative will be rewarded hut the ones looking for a critical analysis of the development of the Jan Sangh and its role in Indian politics will be disappointed.

Non-Alignment Revisited

Non-Alignment Revisited B L Maheshwari THE foreign policy of a country is a function of its aspirations and capabilities in influencing the international environment, and so the theme of continuity and change is a characteristic of the foreign policies of all countries. Since neither the international system nor the domestic milieu of different countries is in static equilibrium, understanding of a country's foreign policy can be gained, not by a snapshot approach, but only by an analysis of its evolution. The present is the point where the past and the future converge and the present is always determined by a combination of historical experiences and aspirations for the future.

Politics of Coalitions-Trends for the Seventies

Trends for the Seventies B L Maheshwari It does not require much wisdom to predict that the course of politics in India in the seventies will he very different from what it has been so far or that developments which marked the close of the last decade will determine the new trends. Whether this seems for better or worse depends on ones value preferences.

The Missing Identity

B L Maheshwari THE behaviour of a society, like that of an individual, is determined by its subjective perception of the objective reality. The key symbols, slogans, norms, myths and peculiarities of behaviour of any society are the products of the problems and challenges with which that society is grappling at a given point of time. However, ideology, in its manifold manifestations, provides the frame of reference for perception of the reality and the self-image of the society. Thus, development involves "transition from one set of values and practices to another", and a study of this evolution is an important part of political analysis. Since the elite in any society command the resources in the society and influence the thinking and behaviour at the mass level, the values and practices of the elite arc the dominant factors in determining the evolution of a society. Hence, students of political development concentrate on the study of the nature and significance of the different types of elites in the society.


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