ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by B G RaoSubscribe to B G Rao

Police and the People

without any symptoms of reconstitu- tion yet appearing. This loss of his old world, with no . gain a new one, imparts a particular kind of melancholy to the present misery of the Hindu...

RURAL DEVELOPMENT-Providing Drinking Water to Villages

RURAL DEVELOPMENT Providing Drinking Water to Villages B G Rao two plan periods. No real planning could have been undertaken unless certain essential data were available. The poor implementation of most sectors of the first plan was due, primarily, to the utter lack of data which was inevitable in the early years of planning. Yet, no serious effort was made in the first 20 years of developmental planning to find out the size of this problem, the type of the solutions suitable to different localities and the investment needed for this issue of "the highest priority". The factors to be taken into account in the case of each hamlet or village should be the distance of the water point from the remotest household, water borne diseases prevalent in the village, salinity or presence of iron or fluorides or other defects in the water which make it unfit to drink, the quantity of water daily needed by the village for drinking, cooking, washing and for its cattle and, lastly, the caste and class composition of the village. It was only in 1971-72 that the Planning Commission was furnished with the results of a survey of what were called 'problem villages'. Even this survey was restricted to the first three factors possibly because the other two assumed their importance only after the water points began to work. The survey identified 1,53,475 problem villages in the country; as Sikkim had not been integrated Into the country at that time, its 321 problem villages had to be added to this figure later on. Since the completion of the survey, some state governments reported that the real problem villages had not been included in the list, that the water table had gone down in some areas due to prolonged drought or water sources had dried up. Obviously* the decade-old figures have to be brought up to date; allowance will also have to he made for the number of villages where drinking water facilities have been provided since their names were included in the survey. The revised draft sixth plan puts this latter number at 57,818 up to March 1978, but modifies the statement as an estimate. It is such casualness which makes rural water supply statistics doubtful.
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