ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Explaining the U-curve Trend of Female Labour Force Participation in Bihar

Despite Bihar’s high economic growth rates over the past 15 years, its female labour force participation rate has declined, especially between 2004–05 and 2018–19, with a modest increase after 2018–19. This “U-curve” phenomenon of FLFPR in Bihar is examined using the National Sample Survey Office and Periodic Labour Force Survey data. Our findings suggest the role of both income and education effects between 2004–05 and 2018–19, followed by substitution effect after 2018–19. It is accordingly suggested that female students should be encouraged to pursue higher education to increase their participation in the labour market and policies should facilitate demand-side factors of the labour market for females in Bihar.

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