ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Avinash V RaikarSubscribe to Avinash V Raikar

Democratic Management of Common Property in Goa

Common property was controlled and regulated by a highly endemic, localised, semi-autonomous institution called the 'gaonkaria' in Goa. In the colonial period, this institution was considerably overhauled by the Portuguese who rechristened it as 'communidade'. Communidades were internally modified to direct the agrarian surplus to the Portuguese but after liberation both national and state governments neglected and superseded these rural institutions by modern ones, resulting in their degeneration. An attempt is made here to propose some alternatives by which the communidades can be revived and if possible be replaced with gram sabhas

Ramponkars in Goa

This paper attempts to study the lifestyle of the ramponkars, a traditional fishing community of Goa, and the effect of modernisation on their socio-economic position. The ramponkars' agitation is a classic case of a conflict against marginalisation and exploitation of marine resources. The exploitation itself was a collective design wherein the state was aligned with the mechanised trawler owners, and displayed a lackadaisical approach towards the ramponkars' problems. The ramponkars have, after a long battle, succeeded in getting their demands on implementing an exclusion zone for trawlers and on monsoon fishing. However, the recent technological changes adopted by the traditional fisherfolk themselves are unsustainable and will ultimately result in the intensification of the 'tragedy of the commons'.
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