ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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WEST GERMANY- European Scholarship on India

European Scholarship on India Aswini K Ray THE Third European Conference on Madern South Asian Studies, held recently in Heidelberg, provided an opportunity to apprise oneself of the researches in Europe on contemporary India Of , course, the theme of the conference must have excluded a large number of researchers belonging to other diciplines. For the first three days, the discussion hovered round Regional Dveelopment and Social Change'', and the last day was devoted to.Power and Authority"

WEST GERMANY- The New and the Old Left

The New and the Old Left Aswini K Ray THE arrests of the hard-core Baader- Meinhoff group ended the latest phase of the so-called New Left movement in this country. A series of 'political' violence

BONN-High Drama in Parliament

Aswini K Ray BONN JUST as the East German chief, Honeeker, was announcing a series of now benefits for workers and a fresh new deal for the .socially handicapped, people across the border were witness to one of those periodic spectacles of parliamentary democracy which goaded Nietzsche into making the jibe that the system has "a mania for counting human noses". It surely was a coincidence, but one that helped to highlight the varying social values that divide the German people in spite of their language.

WEST GERMANY-The Ostvertrage

April 1, 1972 WEST GERMANY The Ostvertrage Aswini K Ray AMONG the non-issues sustaining international politics, international treaties easily take the cake. When the going between two nations is good

WEST GERMANY-The New Weltpotitik

September 18, 1971 groundnut and coconut oils. In fact it uses these rather expensive oils for industrial purposes, like soap-making. Palm oil is cheap oil meant for industrial purposes. But if China used Malaysia's cheap palm oil, what would it do with its own. production of groundnut and coconut oils. It would have to use them for some other purposes or sell them elsewhere. But in Kuala Lumpur its delegation decided to buy immediately 5,000 tons of palm oil.

WEST GERMANY-Towards a United Capitalist Europe

IF the undercurrents of history, and not its glacial drifts, are indicative of the future, then by the eighties of this century a federal European Parliament should be able to make the most decisive self-introspection on whether such an "indestructible union of indestructible states shall .survive in this world". In Lincoln's time, the New World survived

PAKISTAN-Web of Bourgeois Politics


PAKISTAN Web of Bourgeois Politics Aswini K Ray THE bourgeois world has been paying lip sympathy to the people of East Bengal where thousands of people have been killed in the civil War. The liberal conscience of a section of the bourgeoisie becomes uneasy when human lives are being lost by the thousand, even when such 'human tragedies1 arc the inevitable results of the contradictions of the capitalist system. As long as the victims of the tragedies do not threaten the system, which itself has caused their suffering, the capitalist world uses its sympathies 10 underline the 'human' side of the system. At the present phase of the struggle of the people of East Bengal there is no threat to the capitalist system, as in Indo- China or elsewhere. This allows international capitalism to shed crocodile tears for the victims of its own oppression. But in the foreseeable future such a threat to the system exists in East Bengal; that explains the uneasiness of the world bourgeoisie, The origins of the present crisis in Pakistan lie in the logic of the history of Partition. The national independence movement against British colonial rule in India was an all-class movement led by the Indion bourgeoisie working in close collaboration with the feudal order, The demand for partition of the subcontinent into Hindu-predominant India and Muslim-predominant Pakistan was the inevitable consequence of having such a leadership. In this sense, the partition of India, occurring simultaneously with Independence, solved no basic problems for the masses of people in either India or Pakistan; the Hindu mid Muslim bourgeus-feudal combines, in both parts, carved up their own spheres of class rule after Partition, The inevitable consequence of such a division was apparent from the very beginning; the emerging regional bourgeoisies in different parts of India and Pakistan came to challenge the authority of the national bourgeoisie and the monopoly bourgeoisie of the two countries, respectively, working in close collaboration with international capitalism. The relative strength of the Indian bourgteoisie and its stronger links with international capitalism, have enabled it to suppress all separatist forces and keep the country united; the relatively weak Pakistani bourgeoisie has found it increasingly difficult to withstand the separatist pulls of its regional bourgeoisie and of the feudal order. The present crisis in Pakistan is the first serious open clash between the interests of the Fast Pakistan bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie of Pakistan.

BONN- Dollar versus Deutschmark


also patronised. The ISMA campaign was modelled on the British sugar industry's earlier campaign nicknamed 'Mr Cube's Campaign' among public relations circles.

WEST GERMANY-Camouflaged Bourgeoisie Politics

industry be nursed till demand matches production capacity. Hence the reliance on price hikes and subsidy. Once production reaches around 85 mn tonnes, fresh pressures could he released for further price hikes to ensure capacity expansion. We have Kanoria's word for that.

WEST GERMANY-Centenary of the German Reich

WEST GERMANY Centenary of the German Reich Aswini K Ray GERMAN politics has always managed to combine the sublime with an element of the ridiculous. No straight line could be drawn, as is often attempted, through German history from Bismarck to Hitler through Hegel, Fichte, Trietscke, and Nietzsche. Humanism is as much a part of German historical tradition; for, otherwise one cannot explain Bach, Beethoven and Brecht, or Marx, Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknicht, or rebels of the Bauhaus school of artistes, painters and architechts, and in more recent times the anti-authoritarian school of Adorno, Horkhymer, Habaamas and Mereuse, A CUMULATIVE PRODUCT What is peddled about as the 'German tradition' is the cumulative product of Anglo-Saxon prejudice, French convenience and, for the Russians, the exigencies of the Cold War. Why else did so many eyes on both sides of whatever exists of the ideological barrier look askance when

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