ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Reinventing the Third World

How does one reinvent the third world in a globalised system that has been dominated by a unipolar hegemon post the cold war? The only meaningful inspiration for such a reinvention in the current phase of globalisation could be for the third world to rediscover its identity as a conscience of the system. This could be done in the same way that the non-aligned movement in its heyday represented the voices of the disadvantaged sections of the states and people of the global system.

Human Rights Movement in India

The civil and democratic rights movement in India, with its very obvious influences drawn from western democracies, had rather fortuitous beginnings in India. From a largely limited activist base from the emergency period of the 1970s, it has since moved into newer areas, with newer sources of support especially among more marginalised sections. But the movement, unlike its counterpart in the west, remains constantly challenged by prevailing complexities of the political process. The emergence of newer identities and shifting quality of these identities shaped by the very nature of politics and electoral processes in India coupled with the paucity of similar experiences in western liberal democracies, ensures that civil and democratic rights movement has to often formulate its own responses, make its own theoretical and conceptual innovations to meet such challenges.

From Autonomy to Self-Determination

The rise in militant violence, coupled with secessionist demands in Kashmir bear an ominous similarity with events in East Pakistan of the 1950s and 1960s, that culminated in the creation of Bangladesh. This paper draws on parallels evident in the two regions, when increasing obfuscation of democracy, widespread alienation, superimposed proxy regimes in both instances helped fuel militancy. To stop history from repeating itself in Kashmir, the work of restoration must first begin with reconciliation, while limited options can be expanded in the search for daring, far-sighted options that will, in the long run, ensure lasting peace in the region.

Terrorist Strike in US and Its Aftermath

A sense of history should help policy-makers in India and Pakistan to put into perspective their respective expectations of the US - as in any relationship among unequals - as the latter pursues its longterm global battle against 'international terrorism'. Our past experience provides ample grounds for caution.

Constitutional Reform

The categorical assurance that the 'basic structure' of the Constitution would not be altered and the largely non-partisan and distinguished composition of the Review Committee have now cleared the decks for an informed public discourse on constitutional reforms. Some areas and issues which deserve urgent attention.

The Concept of Justice in International Relations

The concepts of order and stability have enjoyed a higher priority than the idea of justice in the practice and the scholarship of international relations. This article attempts to demonstrate that such prioritisation is conceptually flawed, particularly during this era of globalisation. This article argues that international relations is relatively insensitive to the question of justice, both on the diplomatic plane and within the mainstream scholarly discourse on the subject. Historically, the guiding principles of international relations have been stability, predictability and order at the cost of justice. The article argues that this legacy is among its 'original sins'. It also explores, in the context of the ongoing process of globalisation, the abiding continuity of some of the recurrent 'sins' of international relations and the implications of this continuity for critical security. Suggestions for remedial action follow logically from this analysis.

Domestic Politics and National Security

The technological sophistication manifested at Pokhran is a product of a long process of prioritisation of national security since the Sino-Indian war of 1962, and all mainstream political parties are culpable in ushering this political process which has enabled the BJP to exercise its present option. Conforming to the general pattern, the weak and unstable BJP political leadership has cited perceived threats to national security from external adversaries as a reason to go openly nuclear. Yet, the power such nuclear status spawns has in an environment of weakly institutionalised democracy an endemic propensity for excesses. Hence the need for greater concern to the norms of democratic governance in India after Pokhran than ever before.

Indias New Secular Activism-Exploding Some Myths

India's New Secular Activism Exploding Some Myths Aswini K Ray COMMUNAL politics has always thrived off elemental passions based on myths and folklores around a perceived stereotype oppressor existential or historical

Political Economy of National Security Council

Security Council (NSC) for India are no Jess concerned about its importance than those who stridently argue for it. The arguments for and against the NSC, like the one around the 'bomb'. often form an ersatz debate around two divergent concepts of national security rooted in different paradigms of developmental priorities. Otherwise, another institution more or less would not arouse such passions on either side or be made part of a national election manifesto.

Civil Rights Movement and Social Struggle in India

Civil Rights Movement and Social Struggle in India Aswini K Ray THE Civil Rights Movement, in its present shape, owes its origin to the political milieu of the National Emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi for about nineteen months between 1975 and 1977. Even by the content porary moral standards of India's democratic norms,1 the politics of the Emergency era stands out as particularly amoral and, in terms of its long-term effects

India s Federal Polity Some Questions

Indian federal polity shares the problem of regional disparities inherent in the process of capitalist development; more so, because such regional disparities ate a product of colonial capitalism of a relatively developed phase. The problems are further compounded because most of the 'Indian states' are not simply functional divisions but represent more or less distinct linguistic, cultural and, in some cases, even ethnic units, with a continuous civilisation dating farther back than their federated existence.

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