ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Technology and Market Structure under Government Regulation- A Case Study of Indian Textile Industry

Technology and Market Structure under Government Regulation A Case Study of Indian Textile Industry Ashok V Desai The promotion of small-scale production has been and continues to be an important element in Indian Ideology and in government policy. The means adopted to promote it in the textile industry consisted of discrimination in the taxation and licensing against large mills mid subsidies to small industry through Khadi and Village Industries Commission and through co-operatives. If we look at the country's cloth production as a whole, these policies have had little success in changing the technology mix, but they have had a strong influence, quite unrelated to policy objectives, on the firm size composition. They have prevented the growth of composite mills, and have led to the installation of most of the new looms in extremely small enterprises.

TECHNOLOGY-View from the Other Side

November 27,--1982 TECHNOLOGY View from the Other Side Ashok V Desai I AM almost sure I was invited to the ASSOCHAM Workshop on Technology Status in India (held in Taj Delhi on November ;3) as a result of mistaken identity. Apparently, the NCAEH (not my part of it) did a study for ASSO- CHAM last year on the modernisation of technologies in selected industries; a seminar was clearly called for to discuss it ASSOCHAM organised one and invited me, while the distinguished team of researchers who did the study was left out in the cold.

Technology and the Reactionary Radicals

Technology and the Reactionary Radicals Ashok V Desai India-China Comparative Approach: Technology and Science for Development edited by Erik Baark and Jon Sigurdson; Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies, Studies on Asian Topics No 3, Curzon Press, London, 1980.

World Nitrogen Fertiliser Economy-Developing Countries Place in Production and Trade

Nitrogen fertiliser consumption in developing countries almost doubled in the decade ending in 1979 and most of the increase was satisfied by a rise in their domestic production; gross nitrogen imports rose by only 31 per cent. Most of their 1979 imports were from the nearest industrial countries; but urea was exported front-Western Europe as far as South and East Asia, and DAP from the USA to South Asia. The third major N fertiliser imported by developing countries, ammonium sulphate, was chiefly produced as a chemical by-product by industrial countries and exported to neighbouring developing countries, Large quantities of urea were bought on tender by central buying agencies of East and South Asian countries from large producers and their cartels; bunching of orders and inelasticity of demand ted to fluctuations in prices as well as freights. Most of the DAP was bought by buyers directly from US producers; there was no open market or competitive price formation, but major importing countries also produced some DAP. The price of ammonium sulphate varied so as to find a market for an elastic supply. In the future, ammonia is likely to emerge as a fertiliser intermediate of considerable interest to developing countries.

AT and Misbehaving Production Functions

ing in India, which incidentally began officially to promote AT and widely ban inappropriate technologies long before AT became a cult Admittedly, there are developing countries which have increased industrial employment rapidly. Their achievement deserves serious study; dismissing them as dictatorships, small countries or camp-followers of world imperialism may economise thought, but does not promote understanding of the process of employment creation. But countries where industry has wrought a sufficient or significant change in the employment structure are few compared to those where it has not.

CAPITAL VIEW

Strategies for Equity Ifzal Ali B M Desai R Ramakrishna V S Vyas This paper attempts to focus on the prospects and problems of Indian agriculture by the turn of the century. Its emphasis is mainly on issues relating to distribution, and the increasing of the purchasing power of the poorest segments of the population.

Apologetics of Oil

them from their patients, and uncommitted to the goals of the institutions in which they work. In the absence of strong professional associations, Madan predicts an increase in governmental intervention and control, often based on political expediency. It is at this point that the analysis stops

US Corporations as Investors in India-A Study of Their Experience, 1955-1978

A Study of Their Experience, 1955-1978 Ashok V Desai Both the international market for technology' and the domestic markets for industrial products are oligopolistic and the counters in oligopolistic bargaining are technology, marketing ability and command over finance, This account of the experience of US corporations in India suggests that the US corporations con- tributed technology and often also commanded finance. Indian firms' contribution was chiefly in terms of marketing.

Non - Traditional Industries as Exporters-A Case Study

A Case Study Ashok V Desai How does the Government aim to achieve the planned growth of exports? While it does not formulate plans at the commodity level, it has selected policy instruments which operate largely at that level This policy of extremely heterogeneous and ad hoc favours to exporters cannot he said to have been a dazzling success, looking at the growth of exports. But it is difficult to say why it has not worked unless one looks at its effects at the micro level This is what we propose to do in the present paper. For this purpose we have selected an industry the growth of whose exports is highly impressive. But as we shall show, the growth has been achieved in spite of rather than because of government policy.

Case for Bangla Nationalism

Case for Bangla Nationalism in gold dust for opium from the eastward, "But from the year 1705 the reverse has taken place. The Company's trade produces no returns. Specie is rarely imported by the foreign companies, nor brought into Bengal from other parts of Hindustan in any considerable quantities."3 Thus, colonial rule began as a method of turning military power into commercial profit; and the profit was so high that it enabled the East India Company

Meat Potential of India

Government in India". 13 D F Karaka's "Betrayal in India" 20 reflects this mood of the times. For a more satirical commentary see, Vigheneswara, sotto voce, 14 Tile Indian planning experiment no doubt drew some of the best for21 eign economists for research and the prevailing joke was that a leading economist had to be Hungarian- born and associated with Indian planning. This was an important factor in raising Indian research standards first in Economics 22 and later in other social sciences.

A Fine Show

A Fine Show Ashok V Desai Growth and Choice: Essays in Honour of U N Ghosal; Tapas Majumdar (ed); Oxford University Press, 1969; pp xiv + 104; Rs 15.

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