ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Oilseeds Is Higher Price the Answer

Oilseeds: Is Higher Price the Answer? Ashok Gulati Edible Oilseeds: Growth, Area Responses and Prospects in India by K N Ninan; Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi, 1989; pp xvi +

Food Subsidies In Search of Cost-Effectiveness

Food Subsidies: In Search of Cost-Effectiveness Ashok Gulati Food Subsidies in Developing Countries: Costs, Benefits and Policy Options edited by Per Pinstrup-Andersen; published for the International Food Policy Research Institute, USA, by the Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1988; pp xvii + 374.

Input Subsidies in Indian Agriculture-A Statewise Analysis

A Statewise Analysis Ashok Gulati This is an attempt to estimate the quantum and distribution of input subsidies across states in Indian agriculture during 1980s. The dispersion pattern of input subsidies has implications for incentive structures prevailing in the agricultural sectors of different states as well as efficiency (and consequently comparative advantage) in production of agricultural commodities across regions and states. The attempt is to present some results which can he significant in evolving a rational/desirable cropping pattern in different agro-climatic zones based on the principle of comparative advantage. The study covers four major inputs of modern agriculture

Effective Incentives and Subsidies for Groundnut Cultivators in India

This paper quantifies region-specific effective incentives for groundnut during the 1980s by estimating the nominal protection coefficients (NPCs), effective protection coefficients (EPCs) and effective subsidy coefficients (ESCs), under importable and exportable hypotheses. The estimated results suggest that groundnut cultivators in India have been net 'subsidised. Given short-term and long-term projections of world prices of groundnut (oil and meals), which are likely to remain depressed at around 1986 levels, it appears that degree of 'protection' will remain sufficiently high for Indian groundnut cultivators in the coming years. Even if one adjusts for premium on foreign exchange and one estimates 'adjusted ESCs, which would be very close to cost benefit indicators such as domestic resource cost (DRC), the situation is not likely to change. The new set of 'adjusted' ESCs, when viewed from comparative advantage point, would indicate that groundnut is neither an efficient import substitute nor an efficient exportable commodity. It would also suggest that investment programmes to expand production of groundnut would yield low economic rates of return.

Effective Incentives and Subsidies for Cotton Cultivators in India

Cotton Cultivators in India Ashok Gulati This paper attempts to quantify the degree of distortions in the trade pricing policies with regard to Indian seed-cotton (kapas) during the 1980s. The region and variety-specific incentive structure of cotton is estimated by adopting a standard methodology Four major varieties of cotton dominant in the regions of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh are covered. Broadly the results do not support a policy of protection for cotton cultivators in India.

From Prosperity to Retrogression-Indian Cultivators during the 1970s

Indian Cultivators during the 1970s Dalip S Swamy Ashok Gulati The net income of the Indian farmer has been continuously falling since 1971. This is primarily accounted for by adverse price movements. There has been an erosion of price margin over cost. Paradoxically the faster growing non-agricultural sector is able to sustain a higher rate of price increase year after year. This deterioration in the inter-sectoral terms of trade has resulted in the immuniseration of farmers in India.

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