ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Political and Administrative Realities of Employment Guarantee Scheme

There are essentially two lessons to be learnt from Maharashtra's Employment Guarantee Scheme. One, the programme was initially very successful because it enjoyed a commitment widely shared across the political spectrum. Second, it needs strong departmental inputs in terms of planning, budgeting and technical supervision, should involve local governments and be responsive to the needs of the poorest. It may be difficult to replicate the same political commitment in the India of 2005. Yet, the case for an employment guarantee remains strong because it is unacceptable that despite the country approaching middle-income status there are 250-300 million people desperate for work and better livelihood.

The Dantwala Committee and After-Reply

3 Of course, the number of employers may be in any case small in smaller villages. But we have checked that out of all villages where 7 or fewer employers account for most of casual labour employment, in 57 per cent of them the number of such dominant employers is significantly less than that of big farmers (presumably the major employers of labour) in the village. We should also note that the number of labour families per head of such dominant employers in the village is higher for advanced than backward villages (62 on an average for the former arid 42 for the latter).

The Dantwala Committee and After

Sandeep Bagchee Aruna Bagchee This article examines the Report (submitted in 1968), of the Working Group appointed by the Planning Commission to prepare the guidelines for block level planning, and the finalised guidelines issued to all the states.
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