ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Ozone Depletion Cause and Effects

Ozone Depletion: Cause and Effects Arjun Makhijani Amanda Bickel Annie Makhijani The enormous danger ozone depletion poses to the entire world, as well as the clear feasibility of using other chemicals and processes in place of ozone-depleting chemicals, was recognised in 1987 when countries took the historic step of signing the first international environmental treaty: the Montreal Protocol. Yet, the reduction called for by the protocol, of 50 per cent of 1986 production levels by the year 2000, is seriously inadequate and a complete phase out is needed.

Low Level Radiation and Cancer

Low Level Radiation and Cancer Arjun Makhijani S D SOMAN'S reply (EPW, January 16,1988 to my criticisms (EPW October 31,1987) is, if anything, worse than the original article which purports to present evidence from cancer data in five Indian cities that radiation exposure might reduce cancer incidence and mortality. Let me take up the points that Soman makes in his reply.

Low Level Radiation and Cancer-Incomplete Data, Faulty Analysis

Incomplete Data, Faulty Analysis Arjun Makhijani A recently published BARC study on the relationship between radiation levels and health status in five cities in India appears to indicate that higher radiation levels correlate with lower incidence of cancer. A closer look however, reveals that not only is the data deficient but the analysis is faulty and important contributory factors have been entirely ignored.

The Nuclear Intellectuals

this statement of a textile worker during the recent textile strike; "We are fighting for money, hut much more important than that, we are fighting to get the RMMS arid the BIR Act out. If it comes to that, let the money go too, but RMMS and BIR must go at any cost. We are fighting for our future, and if we lose 6 months wages for it, it is quite alright''. Quted in "The Tenth Month: Bombay's Historic Textile Strike", (Factsheet-1), Centre for Education and Developfnent, Bombav, 9 The case of the textile strike in

Nuclear Disarmament and Its Verification

Nuclear Disarmament and Its Verification Arjun Makhijani Michio Kaku 'HE process of nuclear disarmament rill require a procedure for its veri- cation. So far, experience with vesication has been limited to remote (leans. For instance, satellite photos lelp to verify the deployment of trategic missiles covered by the Stra- egic Arms Limitation Talks, However, comprehensive bilateral freeze on the production and deployment of all nuclear weapons and delivery systems followed by bilateral reductions will probably require physical verification. This may become necessary even for some strategic nuclear weapons, such is the Cruise missiles now being produced in the United States. Finally, is in the past, the lack of a physical verification process is being used as an excuse by those who want to continue the nuclear arms build-up.

MULTINATIONALS-Managing Political Risks

August 1, 1981 MULTINATIONALS Managing Political Risks Arjun Makhijani offered by the US government's Overseas Private investment Corporation, a representative or which was at hand. Once the investment is made, the gov- ernment's power increases automatically because it can confront the corporation with new rules of many kinds besides the risks of nationalisation or expropriation. Franklin Root of the Whanton School advised the participants on these post-entry political risks'. Besides well known devices Such as increasing local liabilities and decreasing local credits, siphoning off capital. etc, in times ,of uncertainty, he urged the executives to make their companies 'indispensable' to the government and to remain so. This indispensability allows a corporation to maintain its 'bargaining leverage' through its "capacity to impose net social costs on the host country in the event of adverse government act lens to the venture", In plain English, the corporation should try to hold the government and the country hostage to its 'bottom-line'.

Structural Retrogression in the Indian Economy-A Comment

November 11, 1978 Structural Retrogression in the Indian Economy A Comment Arjun Makhijani S L SHETTY'S article on post-independence changes in Indian economic structure is a valuable contribution to understanding our current problems.1 It is the only place I have seen where macro-economic data has been carefully sifted with little of relevance omitted, and organised in a coherent fashion that enables an analysis of the structure of the Indian economy. He has also carefully established that poverty in India has increased during the last decade. V vever, the excellence of the data a. its critical use is in marked contrast with the almost toal absence of any political perspective.

Energy Policy for Rural India

Arjun Makhijani Technically and financially it is not difficult to meet the basic needs of the poor for food, domestic water and fuel, clothing, sanitation and health. That expenditure on meeting these needs is socially productive is obvious, but it can even be economically productive in the narrow sense of the term.
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