ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Sanitation in West Bengal

Literacy and public education rather than economic growth are integral to eradicating open defecation, suggests this study of sanitation practices in three districts of West Bengal and nine bordering districts of Bangladesh. While the number of households with a latrine on the premises grew by 15.1% in West Bengal from 2001 to 2011, Bangladesh made more rapid progress, highlighting the importance of the shame vs subsidy social marketing programme employed at the grass roots to improve sanitation coverage.

Are Children in West Bengal Shorter Than Children in Bangladesh?

Children in West Bengal and Bangladesh are presumed to share the same distribution of genetic height potential. In West Bengal they are richer, on average, and are therefore slightly taller. However, when wealth is held constant, children in Bangladesh are taller. This gap can be fully accounted for by differences in open defecation, and especially by open defecation in combination with differences in women's status and maternal nutrition.

Industrial Concentration by the Managing Agency System in India, 1948-1968

This article examines the extent of control by firms under managing agencies since India's independence in 1947. By taking this long sweep of years, it hopes to shed some light on the direction of structural change that occurred in India's 22 major industries during 1948-68.
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