ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Constitutional Rights of Atheists and Non-believers

Though atheism has been socially prevalent in India, it has remained a grey area in the legal context. There are no specific laws catering to atheists and they are considered as belonging to the religion of their birth. The Constitution provides for “freedom of conscience” under Article 25 since 1950, but constitutional rights of “non-believers” were never substantiated by courts until recently.

Damage to Democracy

The judgment of the Supreme Court in Rajbala v State of Haryana has to be seen as a debatable one, wherein it rejected the challenge to the constitutionality of the Haryana Panchayati Raj (Amendment) Act 2015. The act disbars a large electorate in Haryana from the right to contest panchayat elections on the basis of certain restrictions like educational qualifications, arrears clause, etc. This article attempts to show how the Supreme Court has failed to protect basic civil and political rights of citizens with this ruling.

Afzal Guru's Case

The Supreme Court is often regarded as infallible. But judges are human and the Court's verdicts should not be immune to criticism, particularly when they pertain to the death penalty. The apex court's verdict which sentenced Afzal Guru to death may not stand ground if examined in the light of the treatment of evidence in a later case.
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