ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By Anuradha M Chenoy

The Russian Offensive, Unravelling of Ukraine, and Geopolitics

The terrible impact of the Russia–Ukraine proxy war on the people of Ukraine and its decimation are of little concern to global elites. The war is increasing militarisation, cutting into human security, damaging the environ­ment, and increasing food insecurity. The drive for dominance and hegemony holds our planet hostage, while the real issues of people and planet remain on the brink of multiple catastrophes.

 

Geopolitics Drives the New US Economic and Industrial Strategy

The “New Washington Consensus” is not really new as the greatly magnified role and influence of the huge transnational corporations, especially the military–industrial complex that drives both the economics and foreign policy of the United States, remains untouched. Further, there is no consensus on its anti-China thrust either as the majority of countries searching for strategic autonomy, including many of the US’s own allies, would not risk breaking economic relations with China.

The Multipolar Global Political Economy

Global trends indicate that the geopolitical transition towards a multipolar international system is matched by a growing diversifi cation of the global political economy. The desire for a unipolar order from hegemonic powers accompanied by force, interventions and hybrid wars will not reverse this trend, though there can be some upsets, with specifi c countries switching to become satellites of unipolar great powers.

Russia–Ukraine War and the Changing World Order

Geopolitical consequences in the aftermath of Russian agression against Ukraine have once again underscored that there is no alternative to common and collaborative security which is inclusive. The double standards in implementing human rights and se­lective wars of aggression on smaller states by great powers have led to a del­egitimisation of multilateral institutions and a world that is insecure for all.

 

Ukraine's Conflict and Resolution

The West - the European Union and the United States - has shown no qualms in supporting a coup led by ultranationalists to achieve geopolitical aims in Ukraine. The Russian actions in the semi-autonomous region of Crimea may be illegal de jure, but seem driven by the need to counter the West's influence in the country's "near abroad". As things stand, the events portend to a far from ideal conclusion to the Ukrainian crisis.

India's Foreign Policy Shifts and the Calculus of Power

India's foreign policy is witnessing dramatic shifts. The traditional practice of non-alignment and the multipolar concept are being replaced by new agreements that will lead to military alignments with the United States. India is moving away from the large formations of the non-aligned movement to smaller alliances like the India-Brazil-South Africa alliance. This would completely shift the strategic environment of the south Asian region and have a global impact. The Indo-US Defence Framework and the 123 Agreements are steps in this direction. These agreements curb India's independent foreign policy and entail increased militarisation, greater threat perceptions and instability.