ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Anrudh K JainSubscribe to Anrudh K Jain

Janani Suraksha Yojana and the Maternal Mortality Rate

Surveys indicate that the Janani Suraksha Yojana, which offers cash assistance to pregnant women opting for institutional deliveries, has increased the number of such births in hospitals. Can this increase be used as an indicator of a decrease in the maternal mortality rate? It is likely that the cash incentive may disproportionately attract pregnant women without complications to institutions, while the increased workload leads to women with complications not getting proper treatment. To evaluate the programme adequately, studies in states with a high maternal mortality rate based on a representative sample of institutions with and without emergency obstetric services are needed.

Revising the Role and Responsibility of the Family Welfare Programme in India

Family Welfare Programme in India Anrudh K Jain Instead of remaining solely responsible for decreasing population growth rate, the family planning programme should become responsible for delivering quality services. The overall responsibility of reducing iherate of population growth should be assumed by some other organisation, such as the planning commission, which is also responsible for co-ordinating and influencing relevant development sectors.

Importance of Female Primary Education for Fertility Reduction in India

for Fertility Reduction in India Anrudh K Jain Moni Nag The launching of the Seventh Plan provides an opportunity to initiate those 'beyond family planning' measures which contribute to the overall objective of fertility reduction in India. At the 1974 Bucharest Conference on Population, the Indian delegation was instrumental in introducing the oft-repeated slogan 'development is the best contraceptive: The actual experience in India since then has rarely reflected this theme, which requires that the potential impact of developmental activities on fertility be taken account of in the design and implementation of development programmes. In this article the authors examine education sector policies and suggest modifications from the fertility reduction perspective.

Identification of Target Group for Vasectomy

Anrudh K Jain Husbands of pregnant women can be considered the prime target group for vasectomy in the in- centive and disincentive schemes being planned. The motivation of these husbands to undergo vasectomy can be enhanced by persuasion, liberalised individual incentives, 'gifts' for the child to be born or commun- nity incentives The birth rate could be reduced markedly in about four years even if initially most of the men (with pregnant wives) persuaded to undergo vasectomy already have three or more living children.
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