ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Middle-class Women’s Labour Migration in Post-liberalised Cities in India

Despite the growing visibility of middle-class women in diverse service sector jobs in Indian cities post 1991, scant research has been directed to study the linkage between their migration dynamics and post-liberalisation changes in the country. This article investigates the patterns and trends of urban migration of middle-class women through the period of pre- and post-liberalisation (1983 to 2007–08); and the socio-economic correlates of their contemporary migration using the data from the National Sample Surveys. Contrary to the dominant stereotypes around women’s “unproductive” migration, the middle-class women’s employment- and education-linked migration turns out to surpass their marriage and family associated movements. The multivariable regression analysis shows that labour migration of educated middle-class women becomes more probable for single, Scheduled Tribe women, aged 21–59 years, having a certificate/diploma, and work experience as a regular/salaried employee at the origin, and coming from rural areas of another state.

Squatter Settlements: Urbanised Spaces?

Squatter Settlements: Urbanised Spaces? Annapurna Shaw This is the Indian edition of the book City Requiem: Gender and the Politics of Poverty published in 2003 by the University of Minnesota Press. Based on 11 months of fieldwork done in Kolkata in 1997, it is a scholarly and well written study of the poor living in the south-eastern fringes of the city and the processes, institutions and politics that keep them so. Using post-structuralist feminist theory and postmodern cultural interpretations, Roy stretches the boundaries of research in poverty studies to come up with fresh and interesting perspectives into the changing character and location of poverty in the metropolitan area, the gendered nature of poverty and the practices of institutions of the state and political parties that perpetuate poverty. The Indian edition has a 50-page introduction written in 2007 to connect the earlier edition, which is based on fieldwork done 10 years ago, to current realities of advancing globalisation and neoliberal policies of the state. With our cities growing larger and larger, their fringes or where the urban and rural meet, have become sites of conflict over land and other resources, and are experiencing considerable demographic and social change. There is clearly a need to incorporate understanding of the peri-urban areas of our cities and the socio-spatial processes that produce them in order to grasp the full implications of metropolitan urban growth. There is likewise a need for constant updating of empirical findings on the poor and more specifically, the urban poor, for with our cities becoming more overcrowded, the old slums within the city core are no longer the predominant places where the poor reside. Squatter settlements in the periphery of the city and along roads, canals and other vacant public land constitute an increasingly important type of residence for the urban poor. Growth in such settlements since the 1980s is an indicator of increasing landlessness in rural areas and the resultant distress migration into urban areas. Also on the increase is the daily commuting into our largest metropolitan areas by thousands of rural residents working mainly in the city

Emerging Patterns of Urban Growth in India

A study of investment in India's metropolitan cities (cities with million-plus population) and their neighbourhoods during the nineties indicates the emergence of urban cores of high investment and the virtual bypassing of the remaining metropolises by liberalisation-fostered growth. As the growth patterns of the 23 metropolises tend to reflect the state of the economies of their respective regions, this bespeaks the widening of interregional economic disparities.

Urban Policy in Post-Independent India-An Appraisal

An Appraisal Annapurna Shaw The author in this paper develops an analytical frame for reviewing urban policy in India in order to enable a clearer understanding of why it was fashioned the way it was and through this to draw policy lessons which could be useful for the future.

Linkages of Large, Small and Informal Sector Industries

Linkages of Large, Small and Informal Sector Industries Annapurna Shaw KISHOR C SAMAL (June 9) has raised several points regarding my paper 'Linkages of Large-Scale, Small-Scale and Informal Sector Industries: A Study of Thana- Belapur' (February 17-24). His criticisms must be examined in (he light of the purpose of my paper. Having worked on the informal sector over a number of years was interested, in this particular article, in

Linkages of Large Scale, Small Scale and Informal Sector Industries-A Study of Thana-Belapur

Informal Sector Industries A Study of Thana-Belapur Annapurna Shaw This paper attempts to analyse the interactions and linkages between the large scale, small scale and informal sectors in an important industrial region in India with a view to highlighting the complex interdependencies among them. The sample studied by the author comprises eight large scale units, eight small scale units and twenty informal sector units.
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