ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Anit N MukherjeeSubscribe to Anit N Mukherjee

Enrolment and Dropout Rate in School Education

The disaggregated analysis of the unit level data of the 64th round of the National Sample Survey Office (2007-08) reveals that universal enrolment, retention and completion in both elementary and secondary education can only be achieved by improving quality and mitigating financial constraints, especially for the lower classes.

Allocations for Education during the Eleventh Plan

With the exception of the secondary education sector which was emphasised during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan, an analysis of budgetary allocations through centrally-sponsored schemes over 2006-07 to 2011-12 shows a move towards consolidation into larger schemes. Smaller schemes are difficult to administer at the national level and suffer from low uptake by the states. This positive development should therefore continue in the Twelfth Plan.

Macro Policy Reform and Sub-National Finance: Why Is the Fiscal Space of the States Shrinking?

In the post-economic liberalisation era, financial sector and fiscal reforms by the central government have adversely affected sub-national finances. The centre's fiscal consolidation measures have contributed to the sharp decline in vertical transfers and the financial liberalisation-induced increase in interest rates has widened the resource gap of the states through an increase in the interest outgo on the stock of debt. This paper examines the effect of the fiscal imbalance on the sub-national fiscal space. Econometric estimates reveal that though the effect of the cost of debt on total expenditure is expansionary, it is negative with respect to the fiscal space. As the sub-national fiscal space has been shrinking, corrective measures are required to increase the states' ability to fulfil developmental fiscal needs.

Untreated Morbidity and Demand for Healthcare in India: An Analysis of National Sample Survey Data

This paper studies the problem of poor health outcomes in India from the demand side, and using the unit level data from the 60th round of the National Sample Survey analyses the determinants of not accessing medical care. This analysis is confined to persons who have reported being ill within 15 days of the survey but have not sought either public or private professional medical services. There are systematic variations in accessing healthcare between urban and rural areas, as well as between males and females in each sector. While in the rural areas, the demand for healthcare increases significantly with the education level of the head of the household, in the urban areas the evidence is mixed. Richer economic sections constitute a larger proportion of sick persons who do not access medical care, especially in urban areas. Paradoxically, among poor households, which cite financial reasons for not accessing healthcare, women are less likely to be discriminated in rural than in urban areas.
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