ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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In Defence of DEFENDUS

In Defence of DEFENDUS Amulya Kumar N Reddy THE erudite and detailed critique (October 16, 1991) of the DEFENDUS electricity scenario for Karnataka (April 6 and 13, 1991) published by J C Shah (hereafter referred to as JCS) represents an encouraging deepening of the debate. Coming as it does from a doyen of the energy establishment (who has been a chairman of the Atomic Power Authority and the Gujarat Electricity Board), it suggests that the electricity establishment is responding to the Defend us challenge. Provided that neither side has a closed mind (which may be defined as a mind that enters and leaves a discussion with all its views completely unmodified), this debate cannot but be beneficial to the energy scene in India.

DEFENDUS vs Consensus

DEFENDUS vs Consensus Amulya Kumar N Reddy JYOTI PARIKH's critique1 of our development-focused end-use oriented electricity scenario for Karnataka2 is a most welcome opening of the debate on alternative electricity strategics. Its forthrightness is in refreshing contrast to the studied silence of the planning and electricity establishments at the Centre which have tried ostrich-like to deal with the DEFENDUS challenge by pretending that it never happened.

A Development-Focused End-Use-Oriented Electricity Scenario for Karnataka

A Development-Focused End-Use-Oriented Electricity Scenario for Karnataka Amulya Kumar N Reddy Gladys D Sumithra P Balachandra Antoneite D'Sa The recent efforts at electricity planning in Karnataka, in particular the May 1987 report of the Committee for preparing a 'Long Range Plan for Power Projects in Karnataka 1987-2000 AD' (LRPPP), are clear-cut ex- amples of the failure of the conventional consumption-obsessed supply-biased approach to energy planning. This paper presents an alternative scenario for Karnataka's electricity sector on the basis of the development-focused end-use-oriented (DEFENDVS) paradigm.

Comparative Costs of Electricity Conservation-Centralised and Decentralised Electricity Generation

Amulya Kumar N Reddy Gladys D Sumithra P Balachandra Antonette d'Sa Energy planning, and the associated decision-making, requires choices between energy technologies. Thus far, these have been restricted to choices between supply options in particular, centralised energy technologies. But, this restriction to centralised sources is running into two major difficulties; (a) shortages of capital, and (b) popular opposition to the resulting local and global environmental degradation. Furthermore, what matters to a consumer of energy is not energy per se, but the services that energy provides. Hence, the true indicator of development is not the magnitude of energy used, but the level of energy services provided, It has, therefore, become essential to extend the list of options for energy decision-making so as to include both decentralised sources of supply, and energy efficiency improvements and other conservation options.

Energy in a Stratified Society-Case Study of Firewood in Bangalore

Case Study of Firewood in Bangalore Amulya Kumar N Reddy B Sudhakar Reddy A systematic approach to fuels and energy carriers involves a study of entire fuel cycles starting with their generation/production, and going through their transport/transmission and distribution, to utilisation and consumption. The aim of the present study of firewood in Bangalore city, therefore, is to understand:

The CSIR Decision A Serious Threat to Indian Development

to Indian Development Amulya Kumar N Reddy The ostensible and "real' reasons for the government decision on the reorganisation of the CSIR suggest that the decision may he part of a much wider scheme. Hence, the matter is very serious. That being the case, the manner in which the decision was taken not only seems casual, but also contradicts completely the government's promises of widening participation in, and decentralising, decision-making. The whole modus operandi does not augur well for the future.

Technological Alternatives and the Indian Energy Crisis

Indian Energy Crisis Amulya Kumar N Reddy K Krishna Prasad In a country like India where income inequalities are also reflected as inequalities of per capita energy consumption, the new energy crisis mainly threatens the consumption-oriented lifestyle of an energy-affluent elite and has far less impact on the rural poor. These, condemned to survive on 'zero' private cost non-commercial energy, have been in the grip of a grave energy crisis from a period long before the 'new' energy crisis began.

Choice of Alternative Technologies-Vital Task in Science and Technology Planning

The Approach to the Science and Technology Plan prepared by the National Commission on Science and Technology (NCST) contains no explicit picture of the national goals which the plan for science and technology is supposed to subserve. It adopts no particular pattern of growth, production, consumption or income distribution to constrain and channel the approach to the science and technology plan.

Basis of the Japanese Miracle-Lessons for India

be the tax base and what should be the tax rate for this generalised tax? I suggest that the tax base be taken as value of output largely on the ground that it is administratively easier and quicker to collect these data from the existing published sources and no recourse to fresh collection is necessary. The suggested tax base would lead to the so-called "cascade effect". That is, since the material-producing firm will have paid a tax, the firm consuming these commodities would pay a tax on a base which is enlarged as a result of the tax already collected 611 raw materials. The tax-effect thus would discriminate against final goods manufacturing firms, whose raw material costs form a greater proportion of total costs than the rest.

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