ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Amulya K N ReddySubscribe to Amulya K N Reddy

False Assumption of Nuclear Deal

Innumerable assumptions on the need for nuclear power and nuclear weapons underlie India's enthusiasm to develop cooperation with the US in this field. However, a close examination of these assumptions reveals that there is no case for nuclear power and there is a fundamental absence of any legitimacy for nuclear weapons.

Economics of Nuclear Power from Heavy Water Reactors

Using a discounted cash flow methodology, this paper performs a detailed analysis of the current costs of electricity from two of the Department of Atomic Energy's heavy water reactors. It compares these costs to that from a recently constructed coal-based thermal power plant. The cost so computed is a sensitive function of the discount rate (a measure of the value of capital) used and the results show that for realistic values of the discount rate, electricity from coal-based thermal power stations is cheaper than nuclear energy.

A Tribute to Satish Dhawan

Satish Dhawan was the embodiment of the fusion of science and human values. His humanity is what lifted him above the ordinary, and made him a giant among pygmies and a prince among men. Whereas his talents as an engineer and craftsman were a gift of nature, his human values are within our reach to emulate. If we do so, that will be a real tribute.

California Energy Crisis and Its Lessons for Power Sector Reform In India

What appears to be an unstoppable and unquestionable 'consensus' regarding the necessity of restructuring/reforming the electricity sector in India has been shattered by the unbelievable news of the California energy crisis. In a state at the forefront of the IT revolution, there have been unscheduled interruptions of power and rolling blackouts covering hundreds of thousands of consumers. Suddenly, the situation there appears no different from backward developing country cities. This paper is addressed to the task of understanding the California energy crisis through a factual description of the crisis and a discussion of the causal factors responsible for it. It concludes with drawing the lessons from the California energy crisis particularly with regard to power sector reform in India.

India's Power Sector Liberalisation: An Overview

The Indian power sector was opened with much fanfare to private participation in 1991 to hasten the increase in generating capacity and to improve the system efficiency as well. However, although several plants are under construction, till early 1999, generation had commenced at private plants totalling less than 2,000 MW. In contrast, some state undertakings have completed their projects even earlier than scheduled. Independent power producers (IPPs) claim that their progress has been hindered by problems such as litigation, financial arrangements, and obtaining clearances and fuel supply agreements. On the other hand, the state electricity boards have been burdened by power purchase agreements (PPAs) that favour the IPPs with such clauses as availability payment irrespective of plant utilisation, tariffs reflecting high capital costs and returns on equity, etc. The process of inviting private participation in the power sector and the problems experienced seem to have spurred on the restructuring of the power sector, including the formation of Central and State Electricity Regulatory Commissions. However, some important problems have not been addressed. Additions to the generation capacity without corresponding improvement of the transmission and distribution facilities is likely to further undermine the system efficiency. What is more, issues like the reduction of 'commercial losses' appear to have been ignored. Most importantly, investment in infrastructure has been a state responsibility because the intrinsically long gestation coupled with the relatively low returns from serving all categories of consumers have rendered such projects commercially unprofitable. Whether or not private participation can take on such tasks is to be seen.

Karnataka s Power Sector-Some Revelations

Karnataka 's power sector uses the irrigation pump sets (IPS) package to hide many of its technical and commercial shortcomings, in particular its transmission and distribution losses. It can also allege 'shortages' and even 'crises' which are fertile ground for malpractices in the provision of connections, connected load and (legal and illegal) electricity consumption. They also 'justify' the invitations to private power with all the associated benefits, particularly in the case of foreign private power.

Enron and Other Similar Deals vs New Energy Paradigm

Enron and Other Similar Deals vs New Energy Paradigm Amulya K N Reddy Antonette D'Sa In searching for alternative solutions, it is important to realise that genuine solutions are those that simultaneously resolve all the crises of the electricity system the crisis of capital performance, equity/access and environment. Solutions that focus on only one of those, for instance the capital crisis in the case of Enron-type deals, are sub-optimal and defective solutions that aggravate other crises.

The Debt-Energy Nexus-A Case Study of India

The Debt-Energy Nexus A Case Study of India C Rammanohar Reddy Antonette D'Sa Amulya K N Reddy This study attempts to unravel the energy-debt nexus by linking India's energy imports to the growth of its external debt. The intention is to bring out, firstly, the extent to which India's debt problem could have been avoided with a different strategy of energy use in the 80s and, secondly what changes in energy consumption are needed now to prevent a further build up of debt The study considers the effect on India's imports of four important shifts in a strategy that would have reduced oil consumption and could have been implemented between 1977-78 and 1989-90: (i) a shift in long-haul freight movement from road to rail, (ii) a shift from kerosene to liquefied petroleum gas for cooking, (iii) the electrification of unelectrified households, and (iv) the replacement of diesel irrigation pumpsets with electric pumpsets.

Back to Top